Citing Journal Artcle Without DOI

Citing Journal Artcle Without DOI by The American Psychological Association (APA) Referencing System. The APA (American Psychological Association) style requires two elements: in-text citations throughout your assignment, and a reference list at the end.
The American Psychological Association reference style uses the Author-Date format. Refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) for more information. When quoting directly or indirectly from a source, the source must be acknowledged in the text by author name and year of publication.

Direct quotation – use quotation marks around the quote and include page numbers 1) Cohen and Lotan (2014) argue that “many different kinds of abilities are essential for any profession” (p.151). 2) “Many different kinds of abilities are essential for any profession” (Cohen & Lotan, 2014, p.151).
N.B. See the Library’s APA webpage for a quotation of 40 or more words.
Indirect quotation/paraphrasing/summarising – no quotation marks 1) Professional knowledge alone does not make someone a very capable professional (Cohen & Lotan, 2014). 2) According to Cohen and Lotan (2014), professional knowledge alone does not make someone a very capable professional.
N.B. Page numbers are optional when paraphrasing, although it is useful to include them (Publication Manual, p. 171).

How to Cite?

  • In a Refeence List
Journal article with no DOI
Germann, F., Ebbes, P., & Grewal, R. (2015). The chief marketing officer matters! Journal of Marketing, 79(3), 1-22.
N.B. Retain original punctuation of titles. A capital letter is used for key words in the journal title. The journal title and volume number are italicised, followed by the issue number in brackets (not italicised).
  • In-text citation
Germann, Ebbes, and Grewal (2015) claim that “there have been …” (p. 19). then subsequently, if 3-5 authors Germann et al. (2015) argue …