How to Cite Course Handout or Lecture Notes

How to Cite Course Handout or Lecture Notes by using The American Psychological Association (APA) Referencing System. The APA (American Psychological Association) style requires two elements: in-text citations throughout your assignment, and a reference list at the end.

When to include page numbers?
When you quote a source (reproduce material word for word), page numbers are required. When paraphrasing or referring to an idea contained in another work, the APA publications manual 6th edn. (p. 171) encourages you to provide page numbers, to help the reader locate the information in a long text. However, this is not a ‘compulsory’ requirement. Check with your lecturer about their preferences on the inclusion or exclusion of page numbers for paraphrased information in your assignments.

How to Cite?

  • In a reference list
Archard, S., Merry, R., & Nicholson, C. (2011). Karakia and waiata [Powerpoint slides]. Retrieved from TEPS757-11B (NET): Communities of Learners website: https://www.schoolbaseonline.com/mod/resource/view.php?id=174650
N.B. Put format in square brackets – e.g. [Lecture notes] [Panopto video]. This referencing format should be used only for your assignments.
  • In-text citation
(Archard, Merry, & Nicholson, 2011) then subsequently, if 3-5 authors (Archard et al., 2011)