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BIOLOGY FORM 1 SYLLABUS

  1. Introduction To Biology
    1. Basic Concepts and Terminologies of Biology
      1. Explain the meaning of basic biological concepts and terminologies
      2. Outline the characteristics of living things
      3. Explain the importance of studying biology
      4. Relate biological science with other related fields
    2. Scientific Processes in Biology
      1. Use own sense organs to make correct observations
      2. Take measurements of mass, length, temperature and pulse rate
      3. Carry out simple biological experiments
    3. The Biology Laboratory
      1. Describe the biology laboratory
      2. Distinguish the biology laboratory from other school facilities
      3. Interpret warning signs on containers of laboratory chemicals and apparatus
      4. Identify common apparatus and equipment of biology laboratory
  2. Safety In Our Environment
    1. First Aid
      1. Explain the meaning and importance of first aid at home and at school
      2. Identity components of the first aid kit and their uses
      3. Outline procedures of giving first aid to various victims
    2. Safety at Home and School
      1. Mention common accidents at home and school
      2. Outline ways of preventing accidents at home and school
      3. Explain ways of maintain safety at home and school
    3. Waste Disposal
      1. Explain the terms “Waste” and waste disposal
      2. Identify types of waste
      3. Outline basic principle of waste disposal
      4. Demonstrate proper ways of disposing waste
      5. Explain effects of poor waste disposal
      6. Suggest proper ways of disposing waste in the surrounding community
    4. The Concept of Health and Immunity
      1. Explain the concepts of health and immunity
      2. Mention types of body immunity and their importance
      3. State factors which affects body immunity
    5. Personal Hygiene and Good Manners
      1. Explain concepts of personal hygiene and good manners
      2. Outline principle of personal hygiene and good manners
      3. Mention requirements of personal hygiene and good manners
      4. Outline ways of maintaining proper personal hygiene during puberty
      5. Explain the importance of personal hygiene and good manners
    6. Infections and Diseases
      1. Explain the meaning of the terms infection and disease
      2. Mention common infections and diseases
      3. Explain the causes, symptoms, mode of transmission and effects of common infections and diseases
      4. Suggest appropriate preventive and control measures for common infections and diseases
    7. Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDs)
      1. Explain the meaning of HIV/AIDs, STIs, and STDs
    8. Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and Sexually Transmitted Diseases(STDs)
      1. Explain causes, symptoms, mode and transmission and effects of HIV/AIDs, STIs and STDs
      2. Outline the preventive and control measures of HIV?AIDs, STIs and STDs
    9. Management of STIs and HIV/AIDs
      1. Explain ways of avoiding risky situations, risky behaviours and practices
      2. Demonstrate necessary skills for avoiding risky behaviours, practices and situations
    10. Care and Support of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA)
      1. Explain the importance of providing care and support to PLWHA in the family community and at school
      2. Outline necessary care and support services provided to PLWHA in the family, community and at school
      3. Explain the effects of discrimination and stigma to people living with HIV/AIDS to the individual, family and society
  3. Cell Structure And Organization
    1. The Concept of Cell
      1. Explain the meaning of the cell
      2. Mention the characteristics of the cell
      3. Differentiate various types of cells
      4. Explain the functions of different parts of plant and animal cells
      5. Draw and label plant and animal cell
      6. Outline similarities and differences of plant and animal cells
    2. Cell Differentiation
      1. Explain the concept of cell differentiation
      2. Outline the importance of cell differentiation and formation of tissues, organs and body systems
      3. Differentiate cells, tissues organs and body systems
  4. Classification Of Living Things
    1. Concept of Classification
      1. Explain the concept of classification
      2. Group living things according to their similarities and differences
      3. Explain the importance of classifying living things
    2. Classification Systems
      1. Outline types of classification systems and their differences
      2. Explain merits and demerits of each type of classification system
      3. Carry out practical activities of classifying living things according to artificial and natural classification systems
    3. Major Groups of Living Things
      1. Mention major groups of living things
      2. Outline ranks of classification
      3. Carryout practical activities of grouping organisms into their respective major groups
    4. Viruses
      1. Explain general and distinctive features of viruses
      2. Describe the structure of viruses
      3. Outline advantages and disadvantages of viruses
    5. Kingdom Monera
      1. Explain general and distinctive features of the kingdom monera
      2. Describe structures of the representative organisms of the kingdom monera
      3. Outline the advantages and disadvantages of the kingdom monera
      4. Outline the characteristics of pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria
    6. Kingdom Protoctista
      1. Explain general and distinctive features of the kingdom protoctista
      2. Mention phyla of the kingdom protoctista
      3. Describe structure of amoeba and paramecium
      4. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of amoeba, euglena paramecium and plasmodium
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