TIME: 2.30HRS                                                                             2020
NAME:_______________________________________________                         CLASS:___________
  • This paper consists of sections A,B,C and D
  • Answer ALL questions in the spaces provided
  • All writing must be in BLACK or BLUE ink
  • Write your name and class in the spaces provided above
  • Write your work neatly.
  1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow
All children all over the world have certain things that they need to be given by their parents. These are called rights of the child. These can be divided into four groups.
The first group is survival rights. These include the right to live and the right to good health care. Parents and the Government have to ensure that every child’s life is protected and every child is provided with access to health services.
The second group of rights is known as developmental rights. These include the right to physical and intellectual development. All children therefore have the right to education and play. These rights enable them to grow physically and intellectually.
The third group is known as protection rights. These include the rights to protection from being neglected, exploited and tortured.
The fourth group of rights is called participation rights. On the basis to these rights, children have the right to make decisions that affect their lives. Hand in hand with the above mentioned rights, all children have responsibilities or duties. These duties include the duty to study hard and the duty to take care of their health; the duty to love and care for others and the duty not to bully others; the duty to take care of their belongings and those of others; the duty not to waste food; the duty to make thoughtful decisions; the duty to help those who have a lot of work to do; the duty to tolerate and respect different views; and the duty to learn from their mistakes
When we talk about children, we usually talk about children from 0 to 18 years. People above 18 years are adults.
Write your answers in the space provided for each question
  1. What is the title of the passage above?
  2. State what the writer thinks about people above 18 years
  3. According to the passage, education helps children to
  4. Mention the group of rights children are denied of, if they are not allowed to play
  5. List one responsibility children have towards others.
  6. Children who do not have the right to participation are denied the opportunity to:
2. For each of the statements below, write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is incorrect.
  1. The duty to tolerate and respect other’s views falls under participation rights______________________
  2. Apart from rights, all children have duties or responsibilities____________________
  3. Children have the right to eat plenty of food and waste very little________________
  4. According to the passage, children have the right to learn from their mistakes_____________
 3.  Write a summary of what Nyerere did after retirement in three sentences using numbers 1, 2, 3.
     The late J.K.Nyerere retired as president in 1985, though he remained leader of his C.C.M party until 1990, when he moved back to his home village in Butiama. After retirement he travelled around the world becoming a spokesman for developing countries. He also continued working for African peace and unity in 1990s, playing a major part in bringing peace to both Rwanda and Burundi.
  1. _______________________________________________________
  2. _______________________________________________________
  3. _______________________________________________________
4. Match the items in column A with the relevant ones in column B to produce complete and meaningful sentences.
  1. Words which have the same meaning are called
  2. A word in bold face that introduces an entry is called
  3. A block of information introduced by a head word is called
  4. Numbers written horizontally are used when
  5. Words which have opposite meaning are called
  1. Entry 
  2. Antonyms
  3. Guide words
  4. Synonyms
  5. Idioms
  6. Words have more than one meaning
  7. A head word
  8. Dictionary extract
COLUMN A i ii iii iv v
5. Re – arrange the following sentences into a logical sequence to make a meaningful paragraph item one (1) has been done as an example.
  1. Add a little salt and oil to the boiling water
  2. Add rice
  3. Boil water in a sauce pan
  4. Serve it hot
  5. Stir gently and leave it to cook, when the rice is cooked and tender, reduce heat
  6. Wash rice and leave it to drain
 6. Fill the blank spaces in the following sentences
  1. A structure made for bees is called__________________________
  2. A place where crops are grown is called_________________________
  3. A place where various types of goods are bought or sold is called__________________
  4. A place where people go to buy bus tickets is called________________________
  5. A person who arrests criminals is called________________________
  6. A person who passes judgment in a court is called_______________________
  7. A person who is in charge of a region is called_____________________________
  8. A young dog is called_____________________________
  9. A young lion is called_______________________
  10. A young frog is called_________________________
7. Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the words in the brackets
  1. English language ________________________all over the world (speak)
  2. Mavugi hasn’t ____________________ breakfast this morning (take)
  3. Zubeda ________________for Kigoma last week (leave)
  4. Jamima ______________her skirt now (wash)
  5. Daudi ______________to school every day (go)
8. Complete the following sentences using word given in the box below:
  1. How ___________________money do you want?
  2. It is not_________________ for all of us to share
  3. You can choose_____________of the books you like
  4. There is ___________________ water in an ocean
  5. How ______________________ students are there in your class?
9. Choose the correct alternative and write its letter in the box provided beside the item number.
(i) If you borrow money from the bank you will have to_____________the money with interest.
  1. Pay on
  2. Pay our
  3. Pay back
  4. Pay up
(ii) ______________people went to the cinema while others went to the football match.
  1. Other
  2. Few
  3. All
  4. Some 
(iii) The book was________________that I forgot the time
  1. Too interesting
  2. Very interesting
  3. So interesting
  4. Interesting enough
(iv) Mary _________________a smart skirt at the party
  1. Had
  2. Put on
  3. Dressed
  4. Made
(v) She took all the oranges in the basket
  1. Does she?
  2. Tookn’t she?
  3. Didn’t she?
  4. Did she?
10. Re – write the following sentences according to the instructions given after each.
  1. I will do it for you (Re-write using- going to--)
  2. This is the girl. Her parents had an accident (join the sentence using “WHOSE”)
  3. The crocodile attacked the fisherman (Add question tag)
  4. She goes to school every day (Change the sentence into plural form)
  5. She eats some food  (Write the sentence by using” present perfect tense)
11. Identify the word which is wrong in each of the following sentences and write it in the space provided.
  1. Last weak I got what I wanted_________________________
  2. I meat my friend at the market ________________________
  3. Madam Jane has five pare of shoes_____________________
  4. The milk is to hot to drink___________________
  5. Ugali is made up of flower______________________
12. Choose one among the following class readers and use it to answer the questions that follow:
  1. Mabala the farmer
  2. Hawa the Bus Driver
  3. Kalulu the Hare
  4. Fast Money
  5. The Magic Garden
  6. The Death Factory
  7. The pearl  
  1. What is the story about?
  2. Choose two characters from the story, then give two characteristics of each character.
  3. Give the reason behind the relevance of the story to your society.
12. Read the following poem carefully, then answer the questions that follow.
The glowing pride in my heart
Shine brightly with delight
Like birds singing in the sky
I feel great and high
Dad, mum and friends
Together hold your hands
To celebrate and sing with me
Songs of pride and glee
The dream has come true
The exams I went through!
Who speaks in this poem?
What is the poem about?
How many stanzas does the poem have?
How many verses does each stanza have
Is the poem interesting? If yes! Or No! Give one reason.

TIME: 2HRS                                                                        2020
  • This paper consists of section A, and B 
  • Answer ALL questions
  • Remember to write your name on each and every page of your answer sheets 
 SECTION A ( 60 Marks)
1. Read the following statements carefully and write the letter of the correct answer  in the box or bracket provided
(i) On history time line, the year "O" stands for:
  1. The birth of Christ
  2. The birth of Prophet- Mohamed
  3. The peak of the Roman Empire
  4. An unknown year
 (ii) We can obtain historical information by using:
  1. Oral traditions
  2. Written sources 
  3. Archaeological findings
  4. Archives, museums and all the above
 (iii) The expert whose work are the study of historical remains are called
  1. Biologist 
  2. Anthropologist 
  3. Archeologist 
  4. Geologist 
(iv) Dr. louis Leakey and his wife Mary carried out Archeological research in 1959 in
  1. Dodoma
  2. Arusha 
  3. Singida 
  4. Kilimanjaro
(v) One of the following determines the age of historical events beyond 5000 years
  1. Carbon  14 
  2. Age detector 
  3. Carbon of chemical 
  4. Carbon 13
(vi) Oral traditions can be categorized into two ways of passing historical information these are
  1. Cultural  practice and narration of the past events 
  2. Cultural practice and recalling of events 
  3. Chronology and orders of the events 
  4. Chronology and cultural parts 
 (vii) A person who study all aspects of human life  and culture is known as:-
  1. Archeology 
  2. Linguistic
  3. Anthropologist 
  4. Language 
 (viii) Olduvai Gorge is the historical site found in
  1. Africa 
  2. Uganda 
  3. Tanzania 
  4. East Africa 
 (ix) A family tree shows the relationship between
  1. Members of a family over a period of time 
  2. Father, mother and children 
  3. Members  of the family with other families 
  4. Father and children
 (x) The basic  needs of the human man being are
  1. Water, cloth and shelter 
  2. Shelter, food and clothing 
  3. Food, shelter and  house 
  4. Food, shelter and  maize 
 2. Match  the items in List A with those in List B  by writing the correct letter against the corresponding question  number in the table provided
List A List B
(i) Carbon 14
(ii) Oral tradition (iii) Olduvai George
(iv) Nelson Mandela (v) Iron working site
(vi) Bi- pedalism (vii) Isimila
(viii) Archives (ix) Museums
(x) Stone age
  1. This was the period where but man used  stones as the basic raw- material for making tools
  2. Historical site in East Africa 
  3. Collection of private and public documents.
  4. Retired  president of South Africa
  5. Walking on two feet
  6. Meroe
  7. The scientific method used in showing dates 
  8. Historical site in Arusha region
  9. Through a word of mouth 
  10. Created for preservation of historical facts 
  11. Mirambo
 3. Write TRUE for the statement (s) which is correct and FALSE for the wrong statement
  1. Anthropology is the study of human remains…………………….
  2. Age, in history is a period based on our great ancestors…………….
  3. During the period of the Early or old stone age, people had permanent shelters ………………….
  4. In Tanzania, paintings and drawings in caves in area such as Kondoa- Irangi  and some   places of Singida give evidence of the activities of a settled community  …………………
  5. Rusinga Island and Nsogezi are the famous historicval sites in Kenya…………………….
  6. Tools made in the Early stone  age were bigger  smaller   and sharper than those of the middle stone age ……………………
  7. Kalenga is a historical site and not a national museum……………
  8. Illiterates cannot benefit from archival information…………..
  9. Carbon 14 dating finds dates for remains of animals and plants that died beyond 5,000 years ago……………..
  10. Man distinguished from the other primates by his ability to design tools for specific purposes…… ……………..
 SECTION B ( 40 Marks)
 4.  Define the following historical terms
  1. History
  2. Bi- pedalism 
  3. Archives
  4.  A decade 
  5. Primates 
5. Differentiate time lines from time charts and family trees from Time graphs

Time 3:00 Hours                                                                        MAY 2020 
  • This paper consists of two sections A B and C. 
  • Answer all questions in Section A and B and two question from section C
  • Show clearly all working for each question
  • Mathematical tables, geometrical instruments and graph paper may be used where necessary 
(i) The branch of science which deals with the study of the relationship between matter and energy is:-
  1. Civics
  2. Chemistry
  3. Pshology
  4. Physics
 (ii) Physicist is a person whose occupation specializes in the science of:-
  1. Biology
  2. Physics
  3. Mathematics
  4. Chemistry
(iii) An object of mass 200g moving with velocity 50cm/s. What is its kinetic energy?
  1. 2.1 image 105, erg
  2. 2.0 image 105, erg
  3. 2.8 image105, erg
  4. 2.5 image 105, erg.
(iii) A machines do a work of 100 Joule is 20 seconds, what is its power?
  1. 120 watt
  2. 80 watt
  3. 5 watt
  4. 2000 watt
(iv) The SI –Unit of force is
  1. Newton
  2. Gravity
  3. Meter per second
  4. Meter squared.
(v) Force used to squeeze or press together
  1. Compressional force
  2. Frictional force
  3. Repulsive force
  4. Tensional force.
 (vi) Tiny particle that makes matter are called
  1. Molecules
  2. Element
  3. Atoms
  4. Electrons
(vii) Atoms in solid are closely packed together due to:-
  1. Cohesive force
  2. Adhesive force
  3. Capillarity
  4. Bond 
(viii) A girl of mass 40kg wears heels with an area of 1cmin contact with ground, pressure on ground will be:-
  1. 4 image 10-5
  2. 4 image 104
  3. 4 105
  4. 4 image105
(ix) Pressure is equal to
  1. A/F
  2. F/A
  3. d/F
  4. F/d
(x) Force responsible for elongation and restoration of body
  1. Torsional force
  2. Stretching and restoring force
  3. Repulsive force
  4. Attractive force
2. Match the following.
List A List B
  1. SI – Unit of pressure
  2. Pressure in liquids
  3. Used to measure pressure
  4. Pressure on liquids depends on 
  5. One application of pressure.
  1. F/A
  2. Paschal 
  3. Phg
  4. Depth
  5. Hygrometer
  6. Manometer
  7. The syringe.
3. Fill the gaps below
  1. Pressure in solids depends on __________
  2. Pressure in liquid depends on____________
  3. When pressure is applied on non – viscous liquid it is transmitted ________ in all directions
  4. Atmosphere exerts a pressure of approximately ________________Nm2 on earth’s surface.
  5. The mass of a substance does not change but…………..changes
  6. Two scales of venier caliper are ___________________  and ________________
  7.  Amount of matter in a substance is _______________
  8. Mass is measured by using__________________
  9. Are quantity that depend on other quantities_________________
  10. Used to measure fuel volume of a liquid____________
4. (a) Define the following terms.
  1. Physics
  2. Physicist
  3. Science
  4. Technology
(b). List any three importance of studying Physics.
5. (a) What is matter
    (b) Mention three states of matter.
    (c) Using diagram explain arrangement of particles in gas, solid and liquid.
 6.(a) Define the following:
  1. Cohesion
  2. Adhesion
  3. Capillarity
  4. Surface tension
 (b) Identify applications o elasticity in everyday life.
7. (a) State two factors which pressure in liquids depends
    (b) Explain why
  1. Sharp knife cuts easily than blunt knife
  2. An elephant cannot easily sink in mud
  3. Tyres of a tractor are wide
 8.(a) State the law of floatation
(b) What condition are required for body to float?
(c) What is up thrust?
9.  (a) Distinguish between
  1. Floating and sinking
  2. Weight and up thrust
(b) Why does hydrometer have wide bulb and Narrow stem.
(c) State Archimedes Principle
10. (a)How can one make attractive force useful?
(b) Give four usefulness of frictional forces in our daily life
(c) Give two example of force that are result of bending or stretching object.

FORM ONE                                                            
TIME: 2HRS                                                                            2020
NAME:_______________________________________________                         CLASS:___________
  • This paper consists sections A and B
  • Answer All questions in section A and B
  • Write your names and class on every page
1. Choose the most correct letter from the following questions which bring the correct meaning and write it in the box provided below:
(i) The compass bearing for  South is:
  1. 1350
  2. 1800
  3. 2250
  4. 0450
 (ii) The four seasons which occur on the Earth’s surface are a result of:
  1. Ferrell’s law
  2. Rotation of the Earth
  3. Revolution of the Earth
  4. The tilting of the Earth on its axis
 (iii) The structure of the Earth is composed of:
  1. Crust, Mantle and Core
  2. Carbon and Sodium
  3. Silicon and Alumina
  4. Sima and Sial
 (iv) The farthest position from the sun in the orbit of the Earth is called:
  1. Lunar eclipse 
  2. Aphelion
  3. Umbra 
  4. Penumbra 
 (v) The path through which planets revolve around the sun is known as:
  1. Axis 
  2. Solar system
  3. Orbit
  4. Galaxy 
(vi) The time taken by a planet to revolve around the sun depends on:
  1. The energy received from the sun
  2. The hotness of the planets
  3. The heat generated from the sun
  4. Its relative distance from the sun
 (vii) Water and air currents do not move in straight lines due to spinning effect of the earth. The term used to describe this situation is:
  1. Deflation
  2. Reflection
  3. Direction
  4. Deflection 
 (viii) Scientists whose work is to study about the solar system and stars are called:
  1. Astronomers
  2. Geologists
  3. Astronomy
  4. Comets
 (ix) The central body of the solar system is:
  1. The planets
  2. The sun
  3. The moon
  4. The Earth
 (x) The total number of longitudes is:
  1. 3660
  2. 3600
  3. 365
  4. 3770
i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix x
 2. Match the items in list A with correct responses in list B by writing its letter in a space provided
  1. Equator __________
  2. Summer solstice___________
  3. Perihelion _____________365   days ______________________
  4. Mathematical geography________
  5. Gleoid __________
  6. Galaxy _____________
  7. Lunar eclipse ________________
  8. Satellite _____________
  9. International Date Line___________
  1. From East to West
  2. Large system of stars in the outer space
  3. Mercury and Saturn
  4. From West to East
  5. Revolution of the Earth
  6. Moon
  7. 1800
  8. 00
  9. The sun is overhead at the tropic of capricon
  10. 3rd January
  11. Branch of Geography deals with calculations
  12. Oblate spherical shape of the earth
  13. 4th  July 
  14. Earth is between moon and sun
3. Write TRUE for true statements and FALSE for false statements
  1. Contour terracing in agriculture aims at preserving soil erosion_______
  2. Objects with leading heads and bright tails are called comets_________
  3. Good railway and road networks stimulate trade and commerce_______
  4. The Earth rotates from West to East through its orbit________
  5. Daily rising and falling of tides is the result of Earths revolution_______
  6. All planets use the same amount of time to complete one orbit________
  7. All latitudes are great circles ______
  8. Lake Tanganyika is a good example of a rift valley lake:______
  9. Industrialization is not an agent of air pollution_______
  10. The Earth rotates on its own axis for 367 days_______
3. Define the following:
  1. Longitudes 
  2. The sun 
  3. Great circle
  4. Prime meridian
  5. Equator 
4. Draw a well labeled diagram of  lunar eclipse
 5.  Examine two motions of the Earth
6. What are the four results of rotation?
7. Mention six (6) evidences which proves that the shape of the earth is sphere
9. Differentiate between the following geographical terms.
  1. Aphelion and perihelion
  2. Longitude and Latitude.
  3. Umbra and penumbra.
  4. Lunar and solar eclipse.
 10. Write the TIME for the following Longitudes
  1. 150 E __________________
  2. 450 W _________________
  3. 300 E __________________
  4. 75W _________________
  5. 600 E __________________                                          

TIME: 2HRS                                                                           2020
NAME:_______________________________________________                     CLASS:___________
  • This paper consist of section A,B and C with a total of seven(7) questions.
  • Answer all questions. 
Answer all questions in this section
1. For each of the following items (i) – (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides it.
(i) The production process in which a farmer grows maize for sale is referred to as
  1. Direct production
  2. Direct service
  3. Indirect production
  4. Indirect services
 (ii) The label which shows the price of particular goods in a shop is called.
  1. Price list
  2. Price tag
  3. Invoice
  4. Branding
 (iii) What is the main purpose of commerce?
  1. To ridge the gap between wholesalers and retailers
  2. To bridge the gap between producers and the retailers
  3. To bridge the gap between producers and consumers
  4. To bridge the gap between retailers and consumers
 (iv) Which one among the following is part of aids to trade?
  1. Commerce 
  2. Direct services
  3. Trade
  4. Communication
(v) A person who coordinates all productive resources and bear the business risks is called.
  1. A business manager
  2. An entrepreneur
  3. Entrepreneurship
  4. Consumers
 (vi) The best way in which individuals and organizations use to protect their businesses against risks is:
  1. Creating bank account through which all business cash are deposited
  2. Increasing number of employees into the business
  3. Insuring their employees through insurance companies
  4. Insuring their businesses through insurance companies
 (vii) Examples of free goods are:
  1. Tanzania Broadcasting, ITV and star TV
  2. Refrigerator, tractors and tailoring machine
  3. Roads, public hospitals and public schools
  4. Rainfall, sunshine and air
 (viii) Which of the following presents a disadvantage of barter system?
  1. Double coincidence of wants
  2. Divisibility
  3. Standard of deferred payment
  4. Indivisibility
 (ix) Which of the following is not included in commerce flow chart?
  1. Insurance
  2. Warehousing
  3. Production
  4. Transportation
 (x) Which of the following group presents a broad classification of occupations?
  1. Trade and production
  2. Industrial, commerce and tertiary
  3. Extractive, manufacturing and constructive industries
  4. Trade, aids to trade and industrial
 2. Match items in list A with the responses in list B by writing the letter of the correct response below the number of the corresponding item in the table provided.
  1. A building where goods are stored while waiting for their use or distribution
  2. The amount of money that used to start a business
  3. Refers to the period, duration or time taken for a good to be taken by the consumer
  4. Refers to a transferring/transporting of a given good from a place where it less needed to a place where it is on high demand
  5. This involves purchase of goods and services from other countries 
  1. Import trade
  2. Export trade
  3. Place utility
  4. Time utility
  5. Warehousing
  6. Capital 
LIST A i ii iii iv v
 3. Complete the following sentences by filling in the blanks with the correct term(s)
  1. Goods and services that are sold within the country are termed as­­­­­­­­­­­­­___________________
  2. The industries dealing with assembling of already manufactured goods into finished goods are called_____________________
  3. An auxiliary service which involves exchange of information between people or organization is known as  ________________
  4. The last person to receive goods in the channel of distribution is called_______________
  5. The art of selling goods in small quantities to the final consumer is called_____________
  6. Human needs which are not necessary for human survival are called_________________
  7. Human needs which are necessary for human survival are called____________________
  8. The process of letting the public be aware about your new products is called____________
  9. Hair dressing is an example of_____________________
  10. Anything that can be touched, seen is called__________________
Answer all questions in this section
4. With examples briefly explain the meaning of the following terms
  1. Specific factor of production
  2. Non – specific factor of production
  3. Aids to trade
  4. Capital 
  5. Normal goods
5. a)Define the term supply of  labour
b) Mention six factors affecting supply of labour
Answer all questions in this section
6. Draw the commerce flow chart and label it clearly
7. Carefully study the table below then complete it by filling in the blanks
Capital labour Total product Average product Marginal product
1 1 10
1 2 25
1 3 43
1 4 57
1 5 66
1 6 73
1 7 78
1 8 81
1 9 82
1 10 82

Time 2:30 Hours                                                          MAY
  • This paper consists of two sections A and B. 
  • Answer all questions in all sections
  • Show clearly all working for each question 
 SECTION A :( 60 Marks)
1. Simplify the algebraic express  and state the coefficient of x: -2( x – 3 ) + 4( -2x + 8)
2.  Find the value of 98 – {(15 ÷ 3) – (45 ÷ 15)} × 10 + 4
3. Round off the number 0.007326 correct to (a) 3 significant figures   (b) 3 decimal places
4. Write the numerals of the statement: Ninety two million two hundred seventy five thousand two hundred seventy five.
5. Write the number 2373695 in words.
6. Find the H.C.F of 112, 168 and 420 by prime factorization.
7. Three traffic lights at three different road crossings change after 48 seconds, 72 seconds and 100 seconds respectively. If they all change simultaneously at 8:00 am. At what time will they change again simultaneously?
8. The H.C.F of two numbers is 18 and their L.C.M is 108. If one of the numbers is 54. Find the other number.
9. Add the difference of and to the sum of and .
10. Express   in form of  where b ≠ 0
11.  Change (a) 1608 hrs into 12 – hours clock system  (b) 7:08 pm into 24 – hours clock system
12. Convert 980 dam into centimetres
13. Solve for x given that
14.  In a School,  of the students are boys and the number of girls is 990. Find the number of boys in the School.
15. Solve for x given that 2(x – 5) + 3(x – 2) = 8 + 7(x – 4)
16. How many kilograms are there in a milligram
17. A sum of money was divided between Mary and Agnes. Mary gets   of the whole money and her share is Tshs. 4050. What is the total amount of money?.  What is Ashura’s share?
18.  Using a number line, add -5 + -2
19. Arrange the numbers 0.35, , 50%, 25 and 0.33
20. A room with length 270cm and width 150cm is to be covered with square tiles. What is the largest size of the tiles to be used if no space of the room is to be left uncovered?
SECTION B: (40 Marks) 
21. (a )A father is 24 years older than his son. After 2years, the father’s age will be three times that of his son. Find their present ages.
(b) The length of a rectangular park exceeds its width by 17m. If the perimeter of the park is 178m. Find the dimensions of the park.
  1. Solve the following simultaneous equations:
(a) 3x – y = 10
5x + 2y = 24
Use substitution method
 (b) 3x + 4y = 17
5x – 2y = 11
Use elimination method
23. (a) The sum of three consecutive odd numbers is 51. Find the numbers
(b) A man gave of his money to his son,  of the remainder to his daughter and the remaining to his wife. If his wife gets shs 8700, what was the total amount?
24. If  ,find (a) (b) find n if
25. Use the two figures below to find the values of x and y 


TIME: 2HRS                                                                    MAY, 2020
NAME: _______________________________________________                         CLASS: _________
  • This paper consists of sections A and B
  • Answer all the questions in both sections
  • Remember to write your name and class on every page of your answer booklet provided.
  • All writings must be in blue or black ink
  • Neat work will be rewarded
Answer all the questions from this section
1. For each of the items (i) – (x) choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in this paper.
(i) Which of the following is the official seal or stamp of the government of Tanzania?
  1. Coat of arm
  2. National identity
  3. Public holiday
  4. National anthem
 (ii) A type of citizenship acquired when one of the applicants parents is a citizen of Tanzania is known as
  1. Citizenship by descent
  2. Citizenship by registration
  3. Citizenship by naturalization
  4. Citizenship by birth
 (iii) Equal access to mass media to all competing political parties in election is an important element of:
  1. Freedom of association
  2. Freedom of worship
  3. Free and fair election
  4. Direct democracy
 (iv) Which of the following is considered as child right?
  1. The right to quality education
  2. The right to employment
  3. The right to work
  4. The right to just pay
 (v)  Mr. Daniel Saguti was born in Tanzania his parents were also born in Tanzania so Mr. Daniel Saguti is a Tanzanian citizen by________
  1. Registration
  2. Descent
  3. Birth
  4. Naturalization 
 (vi)  Which of the following represents mental activities?
  1. Digging holes
  2. Designing houses
  3. Carrying luggage’s
  4. Quarrying stones  
 (vii) Mental ability which enables a person to manage himself or herself  is
  1. Political matters
  2. Life skills
  3. Government affairs
  4. Social matters
 (viii) In the national flag, black colour represents-:
  1. Minerals
  2. People
  3. Land
  4. Water 
 (ix) Tanzania holds general elections after every______________ years.
  1. Ten
  2. Six
  3. Five
  4. Two
 (x) Freedom to live as one wishes is referred to as_______
  1. Democracy
  2. Anarchy
  3. Dictatorship
  4. Liberty 
 2. Match the items in list A with the responses in list B by writing the letter of the correct response in the boxes provided below:
  1. Republics
  2. One of the national symbols
  3. Mayor
  4. 1964
  5. Citizenship
  6. Citizen
  7. Constitution
  8. National anthem
  9. Human right abuse
  10. Work

  1. Municipal and city councils’ head
  2. Governments headed by the presidents
  3. Coat of arms
  4. Basic principles governing the state
  5. Legal activity done by human being
  6. State of being a citizen of a particular state
  7. Member of the country
  8. When president is about to address the nation
  9. Women circumcision
  10. Tanganyika and Zanzibar unification

LIST A i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix x
3. For each of the following statement write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct.
  1. One of the rights enjoyed by a non-citizen in Tanzania is the right to own land__________
  2. Democracy means power in the hands of the people________________
  3. Limitation of human rights is enforced to protect the rights of political leaders_________
  4. Refugees are good example of special groups__________
  5. Every 14th  October Tanzania remembers the death of the president Sheikh Abeid Aman Karume_____________
  6. Freedom of movement is one of the civil and political rights____________
  7. People who need special care for various reasons is referred to as the elderly __________
  8. The union of a man and a woman as husband and wife is called courtship_____________
  9. Any legal activity that a person does to earn living is called work________________
  10. Total way of life is called culture______________________
Answer all questions from this section
4. Fill in the blank spaces with the word which corresponds the given statement
  1. A group of people who are related by blood, marriage or adoption is called________________
  2. Studies rights and responsibilities of all the citizens is referred as___________________
  3. The name given to the official song of the nation is referred to as___________________
  4. The government logo or emblem is termed as_____________
  5. A person who has fully rights as a member of the country either by birth or by been given such rights is called_______________
  6. The period when two people get to know and study each other carefully before they get married is called______________
  7. The marriage of a person who is below the age of 18 years is called________________
  8. All what a person must do are referred to as___________
  9. All what a person must be given are referred to as_________
  10. Ability to live with all the people according to the way they are is referred to as_________________
5. Briefly explain the meaning of the following terms as used in civics.
  1. Citizenship ___________________________________________________________________
  2. Constitution____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  3. National currency
  4. Civics_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  5. Family ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 6. Read the following passage carefully then answer the questions that follow:
 Human rights have limitations. There is no absolute freedom. The limitations of human rights should be reasonable, non-discriminatory and justifiable in a democratic society. The main reason for restricting the exercise of human rights in certain circumstances is to ensure the interests of other persons and the public are respected. A person can enjoy his or her rights but in doing so, he or she should not interfere with the rights of others. This is because one’s rights end where another person’s rights begin.
  1. Write the title for this passage ____________________________________________________________
  2. What three things should be considered by democratic societies in limiting human rights.
    1. _________________________________________________
    2. _________________________________________________
    3. _________________________________________________
  3. What is the main reason for limiting human rights? _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________
  4. Can a person interfere with others rights? Explain how: _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________
  5. What do you understand by “Human rights? As used in the passage above?
______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________
TIME: 2HRS                                                                                                          
NAME:_________________________________________                 CLASS:___________
  • This paper consists of three sections A,B and C
  • Answer all questions in section A and B and ONE question in section C.
  • All answers should be written in the spaces provided.
1. Choose the correct answer and fill in the space provided.
(i) Which are the two main branch of biology
  1. Cytology and ethnology
  2. Botany and zoology
  3. Menology and orthology
  4. Limnology and hydrobiology
 (ii) Which of the following sets include a characteristic, which is not exclusive to living organisms?
  1. Feeding, irritability and growth
  2. Reproduction, death and definite shape
  3. Excretion, locomotion and feeding
  4. Growth movement and respiration
 (iii)  Which of the following is most important basic difference between plants and animals?
  1. Growth 
  2. Movement
  3. Nutrition
  4. Irritability
 (iv) The following are branches of biology. Which one is not?
  1. Microbiology
  2. Ecology
  3. Science
  4. Taxonomy
 (v) Characteristic of living things are:
  1. Breathing, growth, locomotion, irritability and cell wall
  2. Cell membrane, breathing, growth, feeding
  3. Nucleus, irritability, reproduction and growth
  4. Reproduction, breathing, growth excretion and irritability
(vi) Which of the following will be a sequence to follow in scientific procedure after experiment?
  1. Observation and data recording
  2. Hypothesis formation
  3. Conclusion
  4. Problem identification
 (vii) In biology, an experiment is used to test a;
  1. Law
  2. Theory
  3. Hypothesis
  4. Problem
 (viii) Interpretation means:
  1. To make sense of information
  2. Investigation
  3. Evaluation
  4. Guessing 
 (ix) What do you understand by the term hypothesis?
  1. An intelligent guess
  2. An opinion
  3. A school of thought
  4. An idea
 (x) If you look at cell in frog, muscles, you will observe that these cells contain nuclei but lack cell wall. The statement that frog muscles contain nuclei but no cell wall is termed as:
  1. A hypothesis
  2. A conclusion
  3. An assumption
  4. None of the above
i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix x
2.  Match the items below from list A with corresponding item from list B
  1. Study of fungi, mushroom, and toad stool
  2. A doctor locating the location of pineal gland.
  3. The study of how the body functions
  4. The study of housefly, mosquitoes, sand fly
  5. Study of infectious diseases
  1. Anthropology
  2. Virology
  3. Physiology
  4. Parasitology
  5. Mycology
  6. Anatomy
  7. Epidemiology
  8. Morphology.
 3. Write True for statements that are correct and False for statements that are not correct
  1. Electric shock, fires, colds and burns can endanger our lives_______________
  2. Drivers and passengers are more concerned with road signs but not students____________
  3. Improper use of useful substances things such as vehicles, electricity and water bodies can endanger our lives_____________
  4. Biting and stinging animals can cause harm to our bodies, yet they are very useful to man______________
  5. All fires are flames as all flames are fires______________
  6. In case of accident in laboratory, run faster to save your life……………….
  7. Do not wear high heeled shoes in the laboratory……………………
  8. A victim of snake bite should be given enough alcohol to relieve pain………….
  9. Always follow teacher instructions while in the laboratory……………………….
  10. All fires can be extinguished by use of water……………………
4. Fill in the spaces provided:
  1. Scientific investigations being with___________________
  2. We make observation using________________
  3. In biology, we can measure the height of plant by using________________or_______________
  4. A scientist can be able to accept or reject a hypothesis by doing________________
  5. An experiment that is set to make comparison with the test experiment is called______________
5. a) What do you understand by the term experimentation?
b) Give the meaning of:
  1. Hypothesis____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  2. Theory________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  3. Fact _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
6. a) What is laboratory?
b) Which are factors to consider when constructing a biology laboratory?
  1. ________________________________________________________________
  2. ________________________________________________________________
  3. ________________________________________________________________
  4. ________________________________________________________________
  5. ________________________________________________________________
c) Name five chemicals used in biology
  1. _______________________________________
  2. _______________________________________
  3. _______________________________________
  4. _______________________________________
  5. _______________________________________
 7. a) How do you determine the magnification of an object viewed under a light microscope?
b) State the function of the following parts
  1. Base ______________________________________________________
  2. Mirror_____________________________________________________
  3. Diaphragm___________________________________________________
  4. Condenser____________________________________________________
  5. Stage________________________________________________________
 8. a)Define:
(i)First Aid_______________________________________________________
(ii) First Aid Kit_______________________________________________________
b) Name five importance of First Aid Kit
  1. ___________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________
  3. ___________________________________________________________
  4. ___________________________________________________________
  5. ___________________________________________________________
c) Briefly outline ten components of the first Aid Kit
  1. ___________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________
  3. ___________________________________________________________
  4. ___________________________________________________________
  5. ___________________________________________________________
9. a) How can tell that someone is suffering from shock?
b) Name at least 5  causes of fainting
  1. _____________________________________________________________
  2. _____________________________________________________________
  3. _____________________________________________________________
  4. _____________________________________________________________
  5. _____________________________________________________________
10. a)With specific examples, highlight five reasons why we should study biology:
  1. _____________________________________________________________
  2. _____________________________________________________________
  3. _____________________________________________________________
  4. _____________________________________________________________
  5. _____________________________________________________________
b) What four characteristics of living things are easily observable in both plant and animals?
  1. __________________________________________________________________
  2. __________________________________________________________________
  3. __________________________________________________________________
  4. __________________________________________________________________
Choose and answer one question
11. With examples explain six steps that scientist carrying out an investigation has to go through.
12. Write an essay explaining the importance of studying biology

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