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GEOGRAPHY FORM 4 SYLLABUS

  1. Introduction To Research
    1. Concept of Research
      1. Explain the meaning of research
      2. Assess the importance of research in daily life
    2. States of Research Work
      1. Describe research stages in conducting a research
      2. Conduct research
      3. Explain the use of research output and recommendations
  2. Climate And Natural Region
    1. World Climatic Types and their Characteristics
      1. Describe major climatic types of the world and their characteristics
      2. Explain how different geographical factors influence climate
    2. Natural Regions of the World
      1. Identify different types of natural regions
      2. Draw a world map showing different natural regions
      3. Explain the relationship between human activities and climate
      4. Propose ways of solving climatic problems
  3. Human Population
    1. Concept of Population
      1. Define the term population
      2. Describe characteristics of human population
      3. Explain the importance of studying population
    2. Population Distribution
      1. Describe factors governing human population distribution
    3. Population Change
      1. Define Population Change
      2. Explain factors which influence population change
      3. Analyse the effects of population change to an individual and the nation
    4. Population Data
      1. Explain the sources of population data
      2. Interpret population data
      3. Explain the uses of population data
    5. Population Problems
      1. Analyse population problems
      2. Analyse the effects of the population change on economic growth, labour, human needs and investment, and suggest possible solutions
    6. Population Policy
      1. Explain the meaning of population policy
      2. Compare the national population policy on family planning strategies in Tanzania to the population policies of other countries
  4. Settlements
    1. Concepts of Settlement
      1. Define settlement
      2. Explain categories, types and characteristics of settlements
      3. Explain the functions of settlements and their importance
    2. Growth of settlements
      1. Analyse factors which lead to growth of settlements
      2. Assess social and economic problems associated with urban growth
      3. Suggest ways of solving existing problems related to urban growth
  5. Environmental Issues And Management
    1. The Concept of Environment
      1. Explain the meaning of environment
    2. Importance of Environment
      1. Explain the importance of environment
    3. Environmental Problems
      1. Identify environmental problems
      2. Analyse the causes, extent and effects of the loss of biodiversity
      3. Analyse the causes, extent and effects of pollution and waste mismanagement
      4. Explain the causes, extent, effects of fast rate of population and urban growth on environment
      5. Examine causes, extent and impacts of desertification
      6. Explain the impact of poverty on environment
      7. Analyse causes and consequences of global climatic change on environment
    4. Environmental Conservation
      1. Define Environmental Conservation
      2. Analyse various ways of conserving the environment
      3. Practice environmental conservation and management at school level
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