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Life Skills Topic 1

LIFE SKILLS
Importance of Life Skills
Explain the importance of life skills
Life skills are very important because they help develop abilities which are necessary for making life better. Some of the things that these skills enable us to do include:
  • Make proper decisions in life on different matters, like friendships, whichsubjects to studyin school and what career to pursue.
  • Develop good behavior. Through social skills, a person is able to avoid bad friends and anti-social behavior such as smoking, drug abuse, abusing alcohol and getting into premature sexual relationships.
  • Increase love and understanding for other people because of good social skills.
  • Respond effectively to different situations. Through life skills, a person is able to handle unfortunate occurrences such as divorce, death of friends or relatives, examination pressure or any form of harassment or intimidation.
  • Maintain peace and order. Negotiation skills enable people to solve their problems peacefully. This helps prevent conflict.
  • Understand the environment and ways to fit in it because you have skills to solve any problem around you. It also helps to maintain the culture of your community.


The Ways of Using Social Skills
Explain the ways of using social skills
Social skills help a person to know and live with others peacefully. They give a person knowledge and ability to live a better life with other people in the society. Social skills consist of the ability to form good relationship with other people, make good friends, show empathy, exhibit peer resistance, negotiate effectively and have effective communication. We can use social skills in the following ways:
  • Forming relationship with other people - This skill enables one to know how to behave in each relationship. It helps a person to behave properly according to the prevailing situation.
  • Making good friends – A person can use this skill to make good friends. Good friends are those who: (i). Respect and assist us, our parents, relatives and elders (ii). Go to school and school rules. (iii). Assist each other when in problems (iv). Correct each other when one misbehave
  • Showing empathy – this is the ability to feel what others are going through, especially when they are experiencing problems. This social skill enables one to understand other people’s problems and show feelings. It enables a person to take part in finding out ways to solve other people’s problems.
  • Exhibiting peer resistance – A person who have proper social skills is able to resist bad influences from his/her peers or friends. Such a person does not do things that are unacceptable to society, for example fighting, prostitution, theft and truancy.
  • Displaying effective communication – Proper communication can be used to establish good relationships with others people. It is through effective speaking, writing and listening that a person can establish relationships with others.
  • Problem – solving – This is the social skill that enables a person to make a proper decisions in difficult times.


The Consequences of not Applying Life Skills
Explain the consequences of not applying life skills
Failure to apply life skills can lead to problems. Some of these problems are:
  • Improper choices: People may make wrong choices in their education and future careers. A person may find him/herself make wrong choices by studying subjects which he/she cannot fit in.
  • Bad behavior: People may develop bad behavior. For example, the youth may not respect their parents, teacher and elders, due to negative peer pressure. They may also get into drug abuse or stealing.
  • Conflicts: Conflicts can occur due to lack of negotiation skills. Such conflicts could be among students, in families, in communities or between countries.
  • Poverty: Poverty may occur or increase due to lack of proper decision-making in the society or country. Lack of creative skills to bring about development.
  • Poor leadership: Lack of good communication between leaders and the citizens can lead to poor leadership.
  • Lack of empathy: Lack of empathy may lead to increased suffering for those who have problems as those who do not have problems may not understand their circumstances.
Exercise 1
Write `T` for true statements and `F` for false statements
  • Life skills enable a person to know what to do at a certain times and what not to do.
  • Individual life skill is the ability of an individual to know himself or herself.
  • Self- awareness enables a person to understand others in various circumstances.
  • The ability to handle emotions which enables a person to control his or her feelings is among of individual life skills.
  • Social skills give an individual the knowledge and ability to live according to the needs of the society

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