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PHYSICS FORM 3 SYLLABUS

  1. Applications of Vectors
    1. Scalar and Vector Quantities
      1. Distinguish between scalar and vector quantities
      2. Add vectors using graphical method
      3. State the triangle and parallelogram laws of forces
    2. Relative Motion
      1. Explain the concept of relative motion
      2. Calculate the relative velocity of two bodies
      3. Apply the concept of relative motion in daily life
    3. Resolution of Vectors
      1. Explain the concept of components of a vector
      2. Resolve a vector into two perpendicular components
      3. Apply resolution of vectors in solving problems
  2. Friction
    1. Concept of Friction
      1. Explain the concept for friction
      2. Realize the advantages and disadvantages of friction in daily life
      3. Describe methods of reducing friction
    2. Types of Friction
      1. Identify types of friction
      2. Determine limiting friction
    3. Laws of Friction
      1. State laws of friction
      2. Determine the coefficient of friction
      3. Apply laws of friction in solving problems
  3. Light
    1. Reflection of Light from Curved Mirrors
      1. Distinguish between concave and convex mirrors
      2. Explain the terms principle, axis, pole, principle focus and radius of curvature as applied to curved mirrors
      3. Locate the images formed by a curved mirror
      4. Determine practically the focal length of a concave mirror
      5. Use Convex and concave mirrors in daily life
    2. Refraction of Light
      1. Explain the concept of refraction of light
      2. Measure the angle of incidence and angle of refraction
      3. State the laws of refraction
      4. Determine the refraction index of a material
      5. Explain the concept of critical angle and total internal reflection of light
      6. Explain the occurrence of mirage
    3. Refraction of Light by Rectangular Prism
      1. Trace the passage of light through a triangular prism
      2. Demonstrate the dispersion of white light
      3. Determine the angles of deviation and minimum deviation
      4. Construct a simple prism binocular
    4. Colours of Light
      1. Explain the component of white light
      2. Recombine colours of white light
      3. Explain the appearances of coloured object under white light
      4. Identify primary, secondary and complementary colours of light
      5. Distinguish between additive and subtractive combination of colours
    5. Refraction of Light by Lenses
      1. Distinguish between convex and concave lenses
      2. Explain the terms focal length, principle focus, principle axis and optical centre as applied to lenses
      3. Determine practically the focal length of a lens
      4. Locate the image formed by a lens
      5. Determine the position, size and nature of the image formed by lens
      6. Determine the magnification of the lens camera
      7. Determine the relationship between focal length (f) object distance (u) and image distance (v) as applied to Lenses
  4. Optical Instruments
    1. Simple Microscope
      1. Describe the structure of the simple microscope
      2. Describe the mode of action of a simple microscope
      3. Construct a simple microscope
    2. Compound Microscope
      1. Describe the structure of a compound microscope
      2. Describe the mode of action of a compound microscope
      3. Determine the magnification of a compound microscope
      4. Mention uses of a compound microscope
    3. Astronomical Telescope
      1. Describe the structure of an astronomical telescope
      2. Describe the mode of action of an astronomical telescope
      3. Determine the magnification of an astronomical telescope
      4. Mention uses of an astronomical telescope
      5. Construct a simple astronomical telescope
    4. Projection Lantern
      1. Describe the structure of the projection lantern
      2. Describe the mode of action of a projection lantern
      3. Determine the magnification of a projection lantern
      4. Mention uses of a projection lantern
      5. Construct a simple projection lantern
    5. The Lense Camera
      1. Describe the structure of the lens camera
      2. Describe the mode of action of the lens camera
      3. Determine the magnification of the lens camera
      4. Construct a simple lens camera
    6. The Human Eye
      1. Describe the structure of the human eye
      2. Explain accommodation power of the human eye
      3. Identify the defects of the human eye
      4. Describe the correction of the defects of human eye
      5. Compare the human eye and the lens camera
  5. Thermal Expansion
    1. Thermal Energy
      1. Explain the concept of heat
      2. State the source of thermal energy in everyday life
      3. Distinguish between heat and temperature
    2. Thermal Expansion of Solids
      1. Demonstrate expansion of solids
      2. Explain expansion of solids in terms of kinetic theory of matter
      3. Identify expansivity of different solids
      4. Explain the applications of expansion of solids in daily life
    3. Thermal Expansion of Liquids
      1. Explain the apparent expansion of liquids
      2. Demonstrate the effect of heat on liquids
      3. Verify the anomalous expansion of water
      4. Explain the applications of expansion of liquids in everyday life
    4. Thermal Expansion of Gases
      1. Explain the concept of thermal expansion of gases
      2. Investigate the relationship between volume and temperature of fixed mass of air at constant pressure
      3. Investigate the relationship between pressure and volume of a fixed mass of air at constant temperature
      4. Investigate the relationship between pressure and temperature of a fixed mass of air at constant volume
      5. Identify the general gas equation from the gas laws
      6. Explain absolute scale of temperature
      7. Convert temperature in degrees centigrade (celsius) to kelvin
      8. Explain standard temperature and pressure (S.T.P)
      9. Apply expansion of gas in daily life
  6. Transfer Of Thermal Energy
    1. Conduction
      1. Explain the concept of conduction of Heat
      2. Identify good and bad Conductors of Heat
      3. Explain how to minimise Heat losses due to Conduction
      4. Apply knowledge of conduction in daily life
    2. Convection
      1. Explain the concept of convection of heat
      2. Explain convection in fluids in terms of kinetic theory of matter
      3. Explain how to minimise heat losses due to convection to daily life
      4. Apply knowledge of convection to daily life
    3. Radiation
      1. Explain the concept of radiation
      2. Identify good absorbers and emitters of radiant heat
      3. Minimize heat losses due to radiation
  7. Measurement Of Thermal Energy
    1. Heat Capacity
      1. Explain the factors which determine heat quality of a substance
      2. Determine the heat capacity
      3. Determine the specific heat capacity
    2. Change of State
      1. Explain the behaviour of particles of matter by applying kinetic theory
      2. Determine experimentally the melting point of a substance from its cooling curve
      3. Demonstrate the effect of impurities on the freezing point and the boiling point of a substance
      4. Demonstrate the effect of pressure on the boiling point and freezing point of a substance
      5. Explain the phenomenon of regulation
      6. Give the concept of boiling and evaporation in respect to the kinetic theory of matter
      7. Demonstrate latent heat of fusion and vaporisation
      8. Describe the mechanism of refrigeration
  8. Vapour And Humidity
    1. Vapour
      1. Explain the process of evaporation of liquid
      2. Identify factors affecting evaporation of a liquid
      3. Distinguish between saturated and evaporation of a liquid
      4. Explain the effect of temperature on saturated vapour pressure (S.V.P) of a liquid
    2. Humidity
      1. Explain the concept of humidity
      2. Explain the formation of dew
      3. Measure relative humidity
      4. Apply the knowledge of humidity in daily life
  9. Thermal Current Electricity
    1. Electromotive force (emf) and potential difference (pd)
      1. Explain the concept of electromotive force (emf) and potential difference (pd)
      2. State the SI units of electromotive force and potential difference
      3. Measure electromotive force of a cell and potential difference across a conductor
    2. Resistance to Electric Current
      1. Explain the concept of electric current in a conductor
      2. Describe factors which determine the resistance of a conductor
      3. Determine the relationship between potential difference across the conductor and current
      4. Identify types of resistors
      5. Determine the equivalent resistance of more than two resistors in series and parallel
      6. Explain the mode of action of a Wheatstone bridge.
      7. Connect and analyse a simple electric circuit
    3. Effects of an Electric Current
      1. Explain the mechanism of heating by electric current
      2. Describe factors which determine the quality of heat generated in a conductor due to a current
      3. Determine electrical power
      4. Interpret the power rating of electrical appliances
    4. Electric Installation
      1. Explain the meaning of the letter E (Earthing) L (Live) and N (Neutral) in Electrical Wiring
      2. Describe the function of a fuse and a circuit breaker
      3. Perform wiring on a board
      4. Check and rectify electrical faults in domestic appliances
    5. Cells
      1. Describe the mode of action of a dry cell (Leclanche)
      2. Determine voltage of combination of cells in series and parallel
      3. Identify the cell defects
      4. Describe the mode of action of lead-acid accumulator
      5. Explain the charging and discharging phenomenon of an accumulator
      6. Use cells and accumulators in daily life
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