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BIOLOGY FORM 2 SYLLABUS

  1. Classification Of Living Things
    1. Kingdom Fungi
      1. Explain the general and distinctive features of the kingdom Fungi
      2. State the phyla of the Kingdom Fungi
      3. Describe the structure of mosses
      4. Outline advantage and disadvantages of Mosses
    2. Division Filicinophyta (Pteridophyta)
      1. Explain general and distinctive features of the division Filicinophyta
      2. Describe the structure of Ferns
      3. Outline advantages and disadvantages of ferns
  2. Nutrition
    1. Concepts of Nutrition and food Nutrients
      1. Explain the concepts of nutrition and food nutrients
      2. Outline the importance of nutrition in living things
    2. Nutrition in Mammals, Human Nutrition
      1. Identify different types of food substances and their functions in human Body
      2. Explain the concept of balanced diet in terms of food quality and quantity
      3. Explain nutritional requirement for different groups of people
      4. Outline different types of nutritional deficiencies and disorders in human beings
      5. Explain the causes , symptoms, effect and control measures of nutritional deficiencies and disorders
    3. Digestive System in Human
      1. Identify parts of the human digestive System and their adaptive features
      2. Explain the digestion process in process in human being
      3. Compare the human digestive system with that of other mammals
      4. Outline common disorders and diseases of the human digestive System
      5. Explain causes, symptoms, effects and control measures of common disorders and diseases of the human digestive system
    4. Nutrition in Plant, Mineral requirement in Plants
      1. Mention essential mineral element in plant nutrition
      2. Investigate the roles of essential elements in plant nutrition
    5. Photosynthesis
      1. Explain the concept of photosynthesis
      2. Describe the structure of the leaf in relation to photosynthesis
      3. Explain the process of photosynthesis
      4. Outline the importance of photosynthesis in the real life situation
    6. Properties of Food Substance
      1. Mention the basic food substances and their properties
      2. Identify common reagents and chemicals used to determine food Properties
      3. Carryout food tests for reducing sugars, non reducing sugars, starch, proteins and lipids (Fats and Oil)
    7. Food Processing, Preservation and Storage.
      1. Explain the concept of food processing , food preservation and food storage
      2. Explain the importance of food processing, preservation and storage
      3. Differentiate between traditional and modern methods of processing, preserving and storing food
  3. Balance Of Nature
    1. The Natural Environment
      1. Explain the concept of natural environment
      2. Describe biotic and abiotic components of the environment
      3. Identify various organism in their natural environment in the community
      4. Explain the importance of the natural environment
    2. Interactive of Organisms in the Environment
      1. Identify ways in which living organisms interact with the non living component of the environment
      2. Explain the interaction of organisms among themselves
    3. Food Chain and Food Web
      1. Explain the meaning of food chain and food web
      2. Mention the components of a food chain and food web
      3. Distinguish food chain from food web
      4. Construct a diagrammatic representation of a food chain and food web
      5. Explain the significance of food chain and food web in real life situation
  4. Transportation Of Materials In Living Things
    1. The Concept of Transportation of Materials in Living Things
      1. Explain the concept of transportation of materials in living things
      2. Outline the importance of materials in living things
    2. Diffusion, Osmosis and Mass- flow
      1. Explain the meaning of osmosis, diffusion and mass- flow
      2. Carryout experiments to demonstrate the process of diffusion, osmosis and mass flow
      3. Outline the differences between diffusion, osmosis and mass flow
      4. Explain the roles of diffusion, osmosis and mass flow in movement of materials in living organisms
    3. Transport of Materials in Mammals, the Structure of the Mammalian Heart
      1. Describe the external and internal structures of the mammalian heart
      2. Explain the functions of the external and internal parts of the mammalian heart
      3. Explain the adaptations of the parts of the mammalian heart to their functions
      4. Describe the structure of arteries, veins and capillaries
      5. Carry out simple experiments to determine pulse rates in human being
    4. The Blood
      1. List the major components of the blood
      2. Explain the function of major blood components
      3. Explain the effects of HIV on white blood cells
    5. Blood Groups and Blood Transfusion
      1. Explain the concepts of blood group and blood transfusion
      2. Outline the relationship between blood groups and blood transfusion
      3. Explain the advantages and disadvantages for blood transfusion
      4. Outline precautions to be taken during blood transfusion
    6. Blood Circulation
      1. Describe blood circulation in humans
      2. Explain the importance of blood circulation in humans
      3. Mention disorders and diseases of the human blood circulatory system
      4. Outline the causes, symptoms and effects and control/measures of the disorders and diseases of the human blood circulatory system
      5. Carry out practical exercises to measure human pulse rate and blood pressure
    7. The Lymphatics System
      1. Explain the concept of lymphatics
      2. Describe the components of the human lymphatic system
      3. Mention the common disorders and diseases of the lymphatic system
      4. Explain causes, symptoms, effects and prevention of disorders and diseases of the human lymphatic system
    8. Transport of Material in Plants in Plants, the Vascular System
      1. Explain the concept of vascular system
      2. Describe components of vascular system
      3. Explain the function of vascular system in plants
    9. Absorption and Movement of Water and Mineral Salts in Plants
      1. Explain the functions of root hairs in absorption and movement of water and mineral salts in plants
      2. Outline the movement of water and dissolved mineral salts in plants
      3. Conduct experiments to demonstrate transpiration pull, root pressure and capillarity
      4. Explain the concept of transpiration
      5. Outline the significance of transpiration in plants
      6. Outline factors affecting the rate of transpiration in plants
  5. Gaseous Exchange And Respiration
    1. The Concept of Gaseous Exchange
      1. Identify organs responsible for gaseous exchange in living organisms
      2. Explain the concept of gaseous exchange
    2. Gaseous Exchange in Mammals
      1. Identify parts of the respiratory system
      2. Describe the features of different parts of the respiratory system and their adaptive features
      3. Describe the mechanism of gaseous exchange in mammals
      4. Describe gaseous exchange across the alveolus
      5. Outline factors affecting gaseous exchange in mammals
    3. Gaseous Exchange in Plants
      1. Identify parts of plant responsible for gaseous exchange
      2. Describe the process of gseous exchange in plants
      3. Explain the importance of gaseous exchange in plants
    4. Respiration
      1. Explain the concept of respiration
      2. Mention types of respiration
    5. Aerobic Respiration
      1. Explain the concept of aerobic respiration
      2. Outline the mechanism of aerobic respiration
      3. Carry out experiments on aerobic respiration
      4. Describe factors which affect the rate of respiration
    6. AnAerobic Respiration
      1. Explain the concept of anaerobic respiration
      2. Outline the mechanism of anaerobic respiration
      3. Mention the end products of anaerobic respiration
      4. Carry out an experiment to demonstrate the application of anaerobic respiration
      5. Distinguish between aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration
    7. Infection and Diseases of the Respiratory System
      1. Mention common airborne infections and diseases which affect the respiratory system
      2. Explain the causes, symptoms, effects and control measures of common infections and diseases of the respiratory system
    8. Disorders of the Respiratory System
      1. Mention disorders of the respiratory system
      2. Explain causes, symptoms and effects of the disorders of the respiratory system
      3. Relate disorders of the respiratory system and HIV/AIDS
      4. Suggest ways of preventing and controlling disorders of the respiratory system
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