Citing Reference Book – Dictionary or Encyclopedia Entry

Citing Reference Book – Dictionary

How to cite Reference book – dictionary or encyclopedia entry by using The American Psychological Association (APA) Referencing System. The APA (American Psychological Association) style requires two elements: in-text citations throughout your assignment, and a reference list at the end.
To cite information directly or indirectly, there are two ways to acknowledge citations: 1) Make it a part of a sentence or 2) put it in parentheses at the end of the sentence
Direct quotation – use quotation marks around the quote and include page numbers but Indirect quotation/paraphrasing/summarising – no quotation marks

How to cite?

The American Psychological Association reference style uses the Author-Date format. Refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) for more information. When quoting directly or indirectly from a source, the source must be acknowledged in the text by author name and year of publication.
  • In reference list
Hwang, E.-G. (2002). North Korea: Economic system. In D. Levinson, & K. Christenson (Eds.), Encyclopedia of modern Asia (Vol. 4, pp. 350-353). New York, NY: Charles Scribner’s Sons.
N.B. If no author stated, the entry’s title takes the author position. For online dictionaries and encyclopedias, a retrieval statement takes the place of publisher location / name
  • In-text citation
(Hwang, 2002) or Hwang (2002) identifies the hurdles North Korea …