Wednesday, August 2, 2023


  Eli-express       Wednesday, August 2, 2023


Time 3:00 Hours                                                                           MAY 2020 
  1. This paper consists of sections A, and C.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. All drawings should be in pencil.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).
                         SECTION A (20 Marks) 
Answer all questions in this section.

(i) One of the advantages of the study of history is:
  1. to understand why man is a living creature.
  2. to understand the changes in relations between man and environment. 
  3. to understand the beginning and the end of the world.
  4. to learn to be tolerant to environmental issues.
  5. to understand how the environment struggles against man.
(ii) During the 1840s the East African coastal trade was dominated by:
  1. Mazrui Arabs
  2. OmanArabs 
  3. British traders
  4. German traders
  5. Indian traders.
(iii) From 1948, the coordination of all matters of common interest to Tanganyika, Kenya and Uganda were placed under the:
  1. East Africa Governors Conference.
  2. East Africa Coordination Committee. 
  3. East Africa Common Services.
  4. East Africa High Commission.
  5. East Africa Common Market.
(iv) The action that man takes against nature aims at
  1. studying the changes in the process of material production
  2. explaining man's struggle against nature
  3. showing the relationships between man and man in production
  4. developing understanding on man and his environment
  5. changing natural objects into a condition of satisfying human needs.
(v) Which of the following are included in the archives? 
  1. Division of time into days, weeks and years.
  2. Family trees, time lines and time charts.
  3. Colonial records and early travellers' records.
  4. Cultural items from the earliest times to the present.
  5. Items which show man's physical development.
(vi) Who among the following was the first systematic tool maker and had a bigger brain than that of Zinjanthropus?
  1. Homo Habilis.
  2. Homo  Sapiens. 
  3. Homo Eractus.
  4. Modern Man.
  5. Modern Apes.
(vii)  Which of the following best explains the Old Stone Age? 
  1. Man made industrial machines.
  2. Man established social institutions.
  3. Man ate cooked food.
  4. Man made tools like hand axes.
  5. Man domesticated crops and animals.
(viii) The increase of the European merchants in the interior of Africa after the abolition of slave trade aimed at
  1. intensifying slavery and  slave trade 
  2. establishing heavy industries
  3. searching for the sea route to India 
  4. establishing legitimate trade
  5. assisting the Africans economically.
(ix) Industrial development in Africa was not prioritized by the capitalists during the colonial time because
  1. the colonialists were interested in obtaining  raw materials
  2. the colonialists stressed on the provision of  social services 
  3. the climate did not favour industrial development
  4. Africa had no enough raw materials
  5. Africa had no infrastructure to support the industries.
(x)  Which of the following are included in the museums?
  1. Cultural, social and economic items from the earliest  time to the present. 
  2. Remains which show man’s past made and used tools.
  3. Cultural practices such as art, music  religion and riddles. 
  4. Colonial records and early traveller’s  records.
  5. Special names of generations, clan trees and tribal chronology.
(xi)  The coastal city states which grew from the trade contacts between East Africa and Asia were 
  1. Mwanza, Tanga and Dar es Salaam
  2. Malindi, Kilwa and Mombasa
  3. Nairobi, Kampala and Dar es Salaam 
  4. Lamu, Bagamoyo and Mbeya
  5. Mombasa, Zanzibar and Kigoma.
(xii) Industrial development in Africa was not prioritized by the capitalists during the colonial time because
  1. The colonialists were interested in obtaining raw materials 
  2. The colonialists stressed on the provision of social services 
  3. The climate did not favour industrial development
  4. Africa had no enough raw materials
  5. Africa had no infrastructure to support the industries.
(xiii)    Three pre-colonial modes of production which existed in Africa were 
  1. Socialism, capitalism and communism
  2. Socialism, capitalism and communalism 
  3. Slavery, feudalism and communalism
  4. Slavery, feudalism and communism 
  5. Socialism, capitalism and humanism.
(xiv)    The core ideas of the French Revolution were
  1. slave trade, colonialism and neo-colonialism
  2. markets, raw materials and cheap labour
  3. communalism, slavery and feudalism 
  4. fraternity, liberty and equality
  5. scramble, partition and bogus treaties.
(xv) In areas such as Kondoa-Irangi, paintings and drawings in caves give evidence of the activities of;
  1. iron smelters
  2. settled communities
  3. Colonial legacy
  4. education for adaptation
  5. slave trade and slavery.
2. Match the stems in List A with the correct responses in List B by writing the letter of the response
beside the item number.
( I )The first Portuguese merchant-explorer to round the Cape of Good Hope in 1498.
(ii)Famous British explorer in West Africa.
(iii)The feudal relation which developed between the Tutsi and Hutu.
(iv)The new economic strategy for Tanzania in 1967.
(v)Resolved the conflict on the use of Congo and Niger rivers.
  1. Ubugabire
  2. Colonialism
  3. Namibia
  4. Anglo- Germany treaty of 1890
  5. Mungo Park
  6. South Africa
  7. William Mackinnon
  8. Communalism
  9. Neo-colonialism
  10. Nyarubanja
  11. General China
  12. Zimbabwe
  13. Assimilation policy
  14. Arusha Declaration
  15. Capitalist conference of 1884-1885
  16. Feudalism
  17. Indirect rule system
  18. Cecil Rhodes
  19. Vasco Da Gama
  20. Slavery
 3. Arrange the following statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 5 beside the item number.
(i) African nationalist politics in South Africa started with the formation of the South Africa Native National Congress (SANNC) in 1912.
(ii) African National Congress (ANC) led by Nelson Mandela established its armed wing known as "Umkhonto we Sizwe" (Spear of the Nation) which immediately embarked upon military operations within South Africa.
(iii) In 1949 the Youth League launched its "Programme of Action" which aimed at attainment of freedom from white domination.
(iv) The imposition of capitalist relations of production in South Africa, unlike other parts of the continent, is underlined by racism. This made nationalist struggles in South Africa to be more complicated and long.
(v) In 1964, Nelson Mandela was arrested and sent to jail. Later in 1990 he was released and the majority rule was obtained in 1994.
4: (a) Draw a sketch map of Africa and locate the following;
(i) A country in West Africa which attained independence under the leadership of Nnandi Azikiwe.
(ii) A country which became peaceful after the death of Jonas Savimbi in 2002.
(iii)  A country whose nationalist leader became her president after being imprisoned for 27 years.
(iv) German East Africa.
(v) A country in which the Headquarters of the African Union is situated.
(b) Outline five problems which faced Tanganyika African National Union during the struggle for independence.
5. Explain the meaning of the following briefly
a)     Indirect rule in Nigeria
b)    Assimilation policy
c)     Partition of Africa
d)    Slave trade
e)     Mfecane war.
Answer only three questions
5. Access six contributions made by discovery of fire to the development of human being.
6. Critically examine six effects of the legitimate trade in West Africa.
7. Elaborate six causes of political instability in Africa.
8. With examples, explain six reasons for African resistances to colonial rule.
9. Analyse six tactics used by the colonialists to establish colonial economy in Africa

Time 3:00 Hours                                                                                       MAY 2020 
  1.     This paper consists of sections A, B,  and C.
  1.     Answer all questions in sections A, and B  two questions from section  C. 
  2.     Map extract of Arusha (Sheet 55/3) is provided.
  1.     Credit will be given for the use of relevant diagrams.
  1.     Calculators and Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.
  1.     Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s)
 1. For each of the items (i) (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.
(i)   Which of the following instrument is used to measure maximum and minimum temperature?
  1. Barometer
  2. Thermometer
  3. Anemometer
  4. Six's thermometer
  5. Hydrometer.
(ii) Which among the following is an extrusive volcanic feature?
  1. Crater 
  2. Laccolith
  3.  Batholith
  4.  Sills
  5. Dykes.
  (iii) Prediction of the state of atmosphere in a region for 24 to 48 hours is  known as 
  1. weather elements
  2. weather report
  3. weather instrument
  4. weather station
  5. weather forecasting
(iv) Which of the following is another name for Savanna climate in Africa
  1. Tropical maritime.
  2.  Warm temperature maritime.
  3. Tropical grassland.
  4.  Warm temperature desert.
  5. Cool temperate western margin.
(v) Day reaches its maximum length on 21st June in
  1. Southern hemisphere
  2. Northern Hemisphere  
  3. Arctic Circle
  4. Polar region
  5. Tropic of Capricorn.
(vi) The excessive strong wind blowing across an extensive ocean surface is called
  1. Tsunami
  2. Ocean
  3. Storm surge
  4. Hurricane
  5. Wind
(vii)     Which of the following is not a factor influencing temperature of a place?
  1. Aspect
  2. Ocean current
  3. Altitude
  4. Eclipse
  5. Length of a day
  (viii)  Which one of the following conditions is important for the growth of coral  reefs?
  1. Warm and muddy river water
  2. Warm and muddy sea water
  3. Warm and clear sea water
  4. Warm and clear tape water
  5. Warm and clear river water.
(ix)   A cirque is
  1. an arm-chair shaped depression on a glaciated lowland area
  2. an arm-chair shaped depression on the sides of a glaciated mountain
  3. an arm-chair shaped depression in the desert areas
  4. an arm-chair shaped valley in glaciated areas
  5. an arm-chair shaped depression on the plateau.
(x)   A channel diverging from the main river and flowing into the sea or a lake by a separate mouth  is called
  1. tributary
  2. stream
  3. distributary
  4. river basin
  5. water shade
2. Match the items in List A with the responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.
  1. Water that flows out of ground
  2. Water that seep out of rocks and into the rock holes
  3. Water that enters the rock of earth’s surface
  4. Interaction of water vapour, precipitation, infiltration, run off, evaporation and condensation.
  5. Water that is saturated in permeable rocks
  1. Stalagmite
  2. Doline
  3. Water cycle
  4. Artesian basin
  5. Aquifer
  6. Uvula
  7. Spring
  8. Ground water
  9. Juvenile water
  10. Bore holes
  11. Well.
3.   Carefully study the following statistical graph showing coffee production (in tonnes) in Tanzania, from 2011 to 2014 and answer the questions that follows

(a)    Describe the type of statistical graph used.
(b)    Analyse the five procedures involved in constructing such a statistical graph.
(c)    Giving two points, comment on the differences in coffee production shown in the graph.
(d)    Give three advantages of presenting data by using the type of graph described in 3(a).
4.  (a) Describe the following research terms:
  1.  Population.
  2. Random sampling.
  3. Literature review.
(b) (i) Define secondary data.
(ii) Give four merits of secondary data.
5.  Carefully study the map extract of Arusha (Sheet 55/3) provided then answers the questions that follow.
(a) Describe the relief of the mapped area.
(b) Giving evidences, mention the major means of transport shown in a map.
(c) Change the scale of the map into a statement scale.
(d) Measure the length of the road from grid reference 378314 to grid reference 480276 in kilometres.
(e) With evidence from the map, identify three social services which are found in this area.
6. Study the photograph provided below and then answer the questions that follows:

(aName the type of photograph.
(b) Give three characteristics of the type of photograph in (a) above.
(c) Explain four possible factors which may cause the loss of biodiversity in the photograph.
(d) Give two economic importance of the area.
(e) In three points, describe the importance of the vegetation shown in the area.
 7. (a) Explain the meaning of the standard deviation.
    (b)    Study the following data showing the age of the Primary School   pupils at Tumaini Primary School and answer the questions that follow: 15, 8, 7, 6, 12, 5, 14 and 13.
(i) Determine the range and median of the age of the pupils.
(ii) Calculate the standard deviation.
Answer two questions from this section.
8. Describe five uses of population data to a country.
9. Explain six problems associated with expansion of cities in Tanzania.
10. Describe seven problems associated with rapid urbanization.
11.  Examine seven effects of climatic change in the world.

Time 3:00 Hours                                                                                         MAY 2020 
  1. Read the passage below carefully and answer the questions that follow.
The rains in 1972 were the lowest in living memory. Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations in Rome, sensed disaster as early as 1972 and warned of impending food shortages and possible famine.
Six months later, the governments of six Francophone countries jointly declared themselves a disaster area and called for international relief. Nigeria also declared parts of the north to be disaster areas and decided to launch its own food relief operation without outside help. Relief to the six Francophone countries was late and air flights could only reach the more accessible towns. The regions' poor roads meant that vast areas never received relief. Thousands of nomads were on the move abandoning their land in the south.
Mr. Telesphore Yaguibon from Upper Volta described the situations as follows:
"Whole families line up for days for a few grams of sorghum. Shepherds deprive themselves of the last of their supplies of water and cows milk to give the calves one more chance of survival. Others simply choose suicide rather than looking on powerlessly while their flocks on which their very existence depends are totally destroyed "
But the drought disaster has ironically brought a glimmer of hope to the future of the endangered nomadic population of the Sahara. For a total war on drought has been declared and international agencies, governments, regional authorities, traditional rulers and the people are now preparing to move into the battle against the slow advancing Sahara desert.
The area was not always stricken by drought. Wall paintings using water colour on the wet plaster in Sahara caves depict scenes of pastoral life in the midst of what is now desert. Areas which are now unable to support the growth of vegetation were once tree covered savannas. Six thousand years ago big herds of cattle and antelope, giraffe and ostrich grazed on expansive grass land.
Man must take much of the blame for the blame for the present crisis. Overgrazing, the cutting down of trees and over cropping, have all over the centuries led to soil erosion turning good land into deserts. The goat has also done its worst in the Sahel zone, which has got a population of 30 million goats. The goat contributes greatly to soil erosion as it eats as much of the plant as it can; leaves, stem and roots. When the more juicy plants are consumed, it stands on its hind legs and eats leaves and barks of trees. The goat then does not merely eat: It destroys. The irony is that it is not even particularly useful to herdsmen, and could be easily replaced by sheep, which live in far great harmony with the environment.
(a)  Choose the most correct answer from among the alternatives given and write its letter in your answer booklet.
(i) The Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) warned of the famine disaster as early as 1972 because
  1. it was its responsibility to ensure that people did not suffer from famine 
  2. the governments of the six Francophone countries were a disaster area 
  3. rains had been the lowest that year in the living memory
  4. international food relief had not reached Francophone  countries 
  5. nomads had moved to search for better areas in the south.
(ii) Big areas of the six Francophone countries did not get relief food because
  1. Nigeria had launched its own food relief operation without  help 
  2. nomads had abandoned their land and moved south
  3. relief food was not sufficient for all people in need
  4. relief operation was late and most urban areas were inaccessible
  5. relief was not immediate and most areas in need were inaccessible.
(iii)  According to the passage, the most endangered population was 
  1. people in northern Nigeria only
  2. people in sub Saharan Africa 
  3. herds men in Africa
  4. nomads in Sahel area
  5. Nomads in six Francophone countries.
(iv) The glimmer of hope that the endangered population got, came as a result of 
  1. the fact that the affected areas were once tree covered savannah
  2. man’s acceptance to bear the blame for the current crisis
  3. efforts of international agencies, governments and regional authorities 
  4. wall painting using water colour on the wet plaster
  5. the little water and cow’s milk they had spared for their calves
B. For question v-vii, choose the sentence that means the same as the underlined sentence.
(v)  Mariamu is two years older than Chege
  1. Chege is two years older than mariamu
  2. Mariamu is the same age as chege
  3. Mariamu is two times cheges age
  4. Chege is two years younger than mariamu
  5. Mariamu and Chege have different ages
(vi)  When I grow up, I will become a chef.
  1. I will become a chef when I grow up
  2. I do not want to become a chef
  3. I will decide whether to become a chef
  4. I want to become a chef when I grow up
  5. Becoming a chef is my not my ambition
(vii) This river is longer than that road.
  1. The river is shorter than the road
  2. The road is longer than the river
  3. The river is wider than the road
  4. The road is shorter than the river.
For questions viii-x, fill in the gap with the correct answer
(viii) The pupils clapped ……………….during the sports day
  1. Excitedly
  2. Badly
  3. Quickly
  4. Slowly
  5. faster
(ix)  The bag was…………small for all the books to fit in.
  1. too
  2. little
  3. more
  4. much
  5. less
(x)  Mushi felt …………better after visiting the doctor.
  1. A lot of
  2. More
  3. A lot
  4. Too
  5. Much.
2. Read and summarize the following passage in five sentences in a single paragraph.
Soil erosion is a problem that causes concern world widely. This is because it has very bad effects on the areas concerned.
The causes of soil erosion are many and varied. Deforestation is one major cause of soil erosion. People cut down forests for various reasons; for example, for firewood and construction purposes. They may also cut down trees in order to make room for cultivation where land is scarce, and to get timber for commercial purposes. Poor farming practice is also a cause of soil erosion. Overcropping is one of the poor farming methods. In many places, the same types of crops are grown on the same place over the years without any attempt to replace used up nutrients. These crops use up the soil nutrients and leave the soil loose and vulnerable to erosion by wind. People who cultivate on hillsides or sloppy areas also contribute to soil erosion. When such areas are cultivated, the vegetation cover is removed and the soil is left bare. During the rains, running water easily washes away the soil down, to the lowlands.
In many places, people tend to overgraze. Many animals are reared on small pieces of land. The animals eat vegetations and leave the land bare. This makes it easier for the agents of soil erosion to carry away the soil.
The new development in agriculture and improved methods of farming has helped in prevention of soil erosion. In the sloppy areas, cover plants such as sweet potato vines are grown. The farmers practise contour farming and terracing. These methods ensure the running water does not carry away the soil to the lowlands.
Crop rotation and meaningful intercropping should be practised as they help prevent soil erosion by retaining the nutrients in the soil. Few animals should be grazed in a plot of land to ensure that overgrazing does not take place.
Afforestation is another measure used to control soil erosion. Where forests have been cleard by man or fires, new trees are planted. The roots of these trees hold the soil and protect it from agents of soil erosion.
Answer all questions in this section.
3. Re­write the following sentences according to the instructions given after each.
(a) I hurried. I didn’t want to be late. (Rewrite using: so that)
(b) Had he faced financial problems, he would have paid the school fees. (Rewrite using: if)
(c) She worked very hard. She didn’t pass the interview. (Begin with: Despite)
(d) If you don’t work hard, you will never achieve your dreams. (Begin with: Unless)
4. Using the words below, complete the following expressions.
Nurse, accountant, artist, teacher, thief, tenant, doctor
(a)  A person who takes other people properties without permission is called               .
(b) A person who paints pictures, signs and composes poems is called               .
(c) A person who pays rent for the use of a room, building or land to the person who owns it is called               .
(d) A person whose job is to keep or check financial accounts is called               .
5. Correct the following sentences accordingly.
(a)  I am planning to came at 4:00p.m.
(b) Please does this work very carefull.
(c) One of our friends have left school.
(d) Students they failed because they did not study hard.
(e) My friends is working very hard.
(f) There is many water in the ocean.
(g) Maya’s brother is study at the university.
(h) Us are planning to use the new syllabus.
6. In each of these sentences one of the words is wrong. Identify and correct them by writing the correct spelling for each word.
(a) Goats eat backs of trees.
(b) They are walking to school by foot.
(c) We are matching to the office.
(d) They bit me with a stick.
(e) How march do you sell this mango?
(f) You are supposed to study had for your exams.
(g) Many of as are the best students in our class.
(h) My hear is aching.
7. Using the words below, complete the following expressions.
guardian, trader, chef, grocer, dean, lawyer, keeper, journalist, deacon
 (a) A person who advises clients on legal matters is called  .
(b) A person who cooks in a hotel or restaurant is known as  .
(c) A person who administers the property, house and finances of another is referred to as
(d) A person who sells household items is called   
(e) A person who rank immediately below a priest   .
(f)  A person who is a chief administrator of a college or university  .
(g) A person who looks after someone    .
(h) A person who is engaged in commercial purchase and sale  .
8. (a) Fill in the blank spaces with the appropriate prepositions provided.
from, to, by, of
  1. I would abide        their decisions.
  1. The patient was suffering      ebola.
  1. Bongolala is afraid       dogs.
  1. Hawa was married       Selemani.
(b)  In each of the following sentences, one word is wrong. Identify and replace it by writing the right word.
  1. Our headmaster told us to make sure that everyone has paid the school fare.
  1. I don’t want to cat this tree today.
  1. His leg was hut when he kicked the ball.
  1. There was a red mark on her left chick.
Answer three questions from this section.
Answer two questions from this section. One question should be selected from poetry and the other from novels and short stories or plays.
A Wreath for Father Mayer - S.N. Ndunguru (1997), Mkuki na Nyota
Unanswered Cries - Osman Conteh, Macmillan
Passed Like a Shadow - B.M Mapalala (2006), DUP
Spared - S.N. Ndunguru (2004), Mkuki na Nyota
Weep Not Child - Ngugi wa Thiong’o (1987); Heinemann
The Interview - P. Ngugi (2002), Macmillan
Three Suitors: One Husband - O. Mbia (1994), Eyre Methuen
The Lion and the Jewel - W. Soyinka (1963), OUP
This Time Tomorrow - Ngugi wa Thiong’o (1972), Heinemann
The Black Hermit - Ngugi wa Thiong’o (1972), Heinemann
Songs of Lawino and Ocol - O. P’Bitek (1979), EAPH
Growing up with Poetry - D. Rubadiri (ed) (1989), Heinemann
Summons - R. Mabala (1980), TPH
9. Read the following poem and then answer the questions that follow: He read medicine,
Specializing in the tooth And graduated, with honours With new thesis
To cure the aching malady.
"Our teeth shall be all right"
People chanted, welcoming his services. And he started work, prompt and immediate. They brought him all the teeth they had Decaying teeth, aching teeth, strong teeth.
And he started working on their jaws Diligently pulling out every tooth From the jaws of every mouth,
And they paid him with meet Which now they could not eat. And so on went the dentist Making heaps and heaps of teeth Useless. Laying them waste Without fear that soon,
Very soon indeed,
He would have no teeth to attend to
No tooth for which to call himself a dentist.
(a) Suggest the title of this poem.
(b) What is the poem about?
(c) What type of poem is this?
(d) Describe the form of this poem.
(e) Analyse two musical features used in this poem.
(f)  What are the possible two themes in this poem?
(g) What message do we get from this poem?
(h)  Comment on the selection of words in the poem.
(i)  What is the mood of the poet.
(j)  Does the poem have any relevance to your society? Give reason for your answer.
10. Choose eight characters, four from each of the two plays you have read under this section and discuss their roles to the societies.
 11. With reference to any two novels you have read under this section, explain how the behaviour of some of the characters affect the welfare of the majority in society. Give four points from each novel.
12. With reference to two poems you have studied in this section, comment on the poet’s use of language. Give four points from each poem.

Time 3:00 Hours                                                                                      MAY 2020 
  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  1. Answer all questions in sections A and B and two (2) questions from section C.
  1. Calculators, cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  1. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).
 Answer all questions in this section.
1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in your answer booklet(s) provided.
(i)   A certificate of incorporation is a document that;
  1. governs the relationship of the company with outsiders. 
  2. empowers the company to commence business activities.
  3. gives a company a legal existence.
  4. lays down rules and regulations of the internal organization of a company.
  5. invites offer from the public for subscription of shares of a company.
(ii) Which of the following is not the aim of marketing boards? 
  1. Finding a satisfactory market.
  2. Stabilizing prices of agricultural products.
  3. Ensuring a steady supply of the commodity all through. 
  4. Encouraging competition between marketing boards.
  5. Assisting farmers with collection and storage of their produce.
(iii)Goods can mainly be classified as
  1. durable goods and perishable goods 
  2. consumer goods and producer goods 
  3. consumer goods and economic goods 
  4. producer goods and free goods
  5. producer goods and economic goods.
(iv) A cheque which is presented to the payee before the date on it is called
  1. dishonoured cheque
  2. Crossed cheque
  3. stale cheque
  4. post-dated cheque
  5. open cheque.
(v)    Which one of the following is the disadvantage of departmental store to the seller? 
  1. Wide choice of products.
  2. Convenience in shopping.
  3. Extensive use of advertising. 
  4. Careful selection of goods.
  5. Services to customers.
(vi Which one of the following is a method used by government to protect consumers? 
  1. Fixing minimum prices. 
  2. Fixing maximum prices. 
  3. Fixing minimum profits. 
  4. Fixing maximum profits. 
  5. Fixing minimum and maximum prices. 
(vii)The warehouses which are situated at terminals of railway, air ports and sea ports are known as
  1. public warehouse. 
  2. bonded warehouse
  3. wholesaler’s warehouse 
  4. manufacture’s warehouse.
  5. private warehouse.
(viii)  A special crossing is a type of crossed cheque which consists of 
  1. two parallel lines with no words between them.
  2. two parallel lines with words ‘and Company’ between them
  3. two parallel lines with drawee’s name between them
  4. two parallel lines with drawer’s name between them
  5. two parallel lines with endorser’s name between them.
(ix) A letter of credit is sent by
  1. exporter’s bank to a correspondent bank
  2. improter’s bank to a correspondent bank
  3. importer to exporter
  4. a central bank to a correspondent bank
  5. importer’s agent to the exporter’s agent.
 (x) The group which represents a broad classification of human occupations is
  1. Commerce, production and aids to trade.
  2. Trade and aids to trade.
  3. Banking, insurance and transportation.
  4. Extractive, manufacturing and constructive industries.
  5. Industrial and tertiary.
Match the items in Column A with the responses in Column B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in your answer booklet.
Column A
Column B
(i) Engaged only on limited range of stock while combining selling, delivery and collection in one operation.
(ii) Engaged in supplying a certain type of goods to a certain type of retail stores.
(iii) Engaged in buying and selling of goods from different producers to retailers.
(iv) Selling a particular type of goods but offer greater variety within their particular field.
(v) Engaged in showing catalogues, and price lists to retailers to persuade them to buy the goods.
(vi) Engaged in selling to the wholesalers’ warehouse that require them to pick what they want.
(vii) Engaged in selling goods to the public without reserves.
(viii) Engaged in selling of goods to the retailers to different areas in a given state.
(ix) Engaged in buying and selling of goods on their capital and perform all activities in the business.
(x) Engaged in collection and delivery of goods on behalf of others.
  1. Specialised wholesaler
  2. Auctioneers
  3. Rack Jobbers
  4. Truck wholesellers
  5. Cash and carry wholesalers
  6. Forwarding agents
  7. Factors
  8. Underwriters
  9. Broker
  10. Travelling agents
  11. Merchant wholesalers
  12. Regional wholesalers
  13. International wholesalers
  14. General wholesalers
  15. Nationalwide Wholesalers
 SECTION B (40 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.
3.  (a) Elaborate five disadvantages of departmental stores.
(b)       Briefly explain five benefits of installments selling to the seller.
4.  (a) Giving five points, discuss the importance of commerce to a developing country.
(b)       Describe five functions of capital as factor of production.
5.(a)  (i) What is meant by a wholesaler?
    (ii) briefly explain the term bill of exchange.
(b)  explain eight functions of wholesalers.
6. (a) Describe five advantages of a retailer refusing credit sales to his customers.
  (b) Explain five reasons behind consumer protection.
7. (a) (i) Describe three importance of management in business organization.
(ii) What is the different between planning and staffing in relation to management?
(b) (i) Describe the term organization.
(ii) With four points, explain the importance of organization in any business.
(c)Mr Kenge is a supervisor in printing department of a certain organization. His department has 120 subordinates. Which principle of organization had been violated for him to supervise large number of subordinate? Justify your answer by stating clearly the principle violated.
8. (a) What is an entrepreneur?
(b) Describe the functions of an entrepreneur
(c) Describe five factors that contribute to failure of many small businesses.
9. Differentiate the following commercial terms:
(a) Formal communication and informal communication.
(b) Oral communication and written communication.
(c)   Audio media and audio visual media.
(d)  Internal communication and external communication.
(e)  Fax and internet.
10.    (a) Explain five roles of transport to the development of a country.
(b) Elaborate two advantages and three disadvantages of water transport.

Time 3:00 Hours MAY 2020 
  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  1. Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  1. Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  1. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).
 SECTION A (15 marks)
Answer all questions in this section.
1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet(s) provided.
(i) Which of the following are major pillars of the State?
  1. Executive, Armed Forces and Legislature
  2. Executive, Legislature and Judiciary
  3. The President, the Prime Minister and the Chief Justice
  4. Executive, Armed Forces and Judiciary
  5. The President, the Speaker and the Prime Minister
(ii)) Human rights abuses experienced by HIV/AIDS patients in Tanzania include
  1. stigmatization.
  2. food taboos.
  3. gender biases.
  4.  gender stereo typing.
  5. gender discrimination.
(iii)  Before marriage men and women develop friendship, this period of friendship is called 
  1. courtship
  2. early marriage
  3. Fidelity
  4. initiation period
  5. kitchen party.
(iv) Which of the following are inscribed on the Coat of arms of Tanzania? 
  1. giraffe and hammer.
  2. flag and giraffe.
  3. hoe and hammer.
  4. forest and trees. 
  5.  trees and hoe.
( v) Which of the following is not a function of the Commission for Human Rights and Good Governance in Tanzania?
  1. Promote the protection and preservation of human rights.
  2. Receive the allegations and complaints of violation of human rights.
  3. Visit prisons with the view of assessing conditions of prisoners.
  4. Institute legal proceedings to public officials accused of corruption.
  5. Cooperate with agencies of the United Nation in the areas of human rights.
(vi) Tanzania has included the life skills education in its curriculum because it
  1. helps people to cope with urban life easily
  2. increases productivity and comfortability of life
  3. reduces the sense of personal esteem
  4. helps people to become wealthy
  5. helps people to obey their cultural values.
(vii) Tanzania has included the life skills education in its curriculum because it
  1. helps people to cope with urban life easily
  2. increases productivity and comfortability of life
  3. reduces the sense of personal esteem
  4. helps people to become wealthy
  5. helps people to obey their cultural values.
(viii) The two categories of local government authorities are
  1.  street and town governments
  2.  village and street authorities
  3.  districts and urban authorities
  4.  village councils and village authorities
  5.  urban councils and village authorities.
(ix) The assigning of roles, tasks and responsibilities to a particular gender on the basis of fixed biases is called
  1. gender analysis
  2. gender bias
  3. gender mainstreaming
  4. gender blind
  5. gender stereotyping.
(x) Which of the following is NOT a correct characterization of the informal sector in Tanzania? 
  1.  lack of permanent business premises
  2.  business activities are regulated by taxation laws
  3.  employees lack social security protection
  4. employees have little job security 
  5. employees’ wages are often low.
2. Match the items in List A with the correct response in List B by writing the letter of the corresponding response beside the item number in the answer booklet. 
(i) Deals with managing risks of a firm, business, people and property.
(ii) The average earnings of the people of a given country in particular year.
(iii) A factor of economic development.
(iv) A social security scheme in Tanzania.
(v) An institution responsible for controlling inflation in Tanzania.
  1. Commercial Banks 
  2. PSPF
  3. B.O.T
  4. Insurance Companies 
  5. Capital
  6. Informal sector
  7.  Per capital income 
  8. Social development 
  9. High mortality rate 
  10. SSRA
  11.  TRA
  12. Formal sector
  13. MNPES
  15.  TTCL
Answer all questions in this section.
3. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Suicide is one of the critical problems of adolescent today. This disastrous act is committed for different reasons. Some adolescents often feel that death is the only way out of intolerable situations. Those terminally ill and those incapacitated by serious illness or injuries commit suicide to avoid further pain. Yet others commit suicide to draw attention, to teach those who hurt them a lesson and to punish themselves for the shame they might have caused to others.
Most adolescents who commit suicide do so as a reaction to previous distressing events. Such common events include conflicts within the adolescent’s families, their failure to live up to the parents’ or guardians expectations and the adolescent’s failure to develop adequate interpersonal relationships within their families. These events often leads to suicide signals such as threatening to commit suicide or displaying actual tendencies to suicide and serious suicide attempts whereby the adolescent survives or leads to actual suicide.
The signals of suicide among adolescent include previous attempts, threat to commit suicide, feelings of alienation and loneliness and the presence of mental illness especially depression. Other signals are lack of adequate impulse control, unexpected severe and prolonged stress and negative emotions.
(a) Provide a suitable title for the passage.
(b) What is the attitude of some adolescents towards death?
(c) Mention any two factors from the passage that compel some of the youth to commit suicide.
(d) List down two suicide signals among the adolescents.
(e) What is the attitude of the author towards suicide tendencies among the adolescent?
4. (a) Outline five merits of making responsible decision.
(b) Briefly explain five importance of work for self-development.
5. (a) Briefly outline five responsibilities of a good citizen in Tanzania.
(b) List down five importance of human rights to Tanzanians.
 6. ( a) Outline the consequences of improper behaviour among the youth in Tanzania by giving at least five points.
(b) Briefly explain the importance of family stability by giving five points.
 7. ( a) Outline five traditions and customs which affect the reproductive health of women in Tanzania. (b) Explain the significance of the National Anthem by giving five points.
 8. ( a) Outline the effects of drug abuse by giving five points. (b) List down any five solutions to improper behaviours. 
Answer only three questions.
9. Show how a responsible Tanzanian citizen can contribute to the welfare and prosperity of the country by giving six points.
10. Proponents of globalization argue that globalization is a catalyst of development while the opponents contend that it is a new form of neo-colonialism to developing countries. Discuss six demerits of globalization to a country like Tanzania.
11. Tanzania is credited for promoting and broadening the scope of democracy. Give six points to show the validity of this statement.
12. Identify and explain six traditions and customs which influence the subordination and exploitation of women in Tanzania.

Time 3:00 Hours MAY 2020 
  1. This paper consist of three sections A, B and C
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and one question in section C.
  3. The following constants may be used; H= 1. C=12. O= 16, Ag = 108, Cu =63.5
1 Litre = 1dm3 = 1000cm3
G.M.V at STP = 22.4dm3
Avogadro’s constant = 6.02 x 10 23 particles.
 (i) Which among the given list of metals arranged in order of decreasing reactivity with steam from left to right is correct?
  1.  Calcium, Magnesium, Silver, Copper.
  2.  Calcium, Magnesium, Zinc Copper
  3.  Copper, Zinc, Magnesium, Calcium
  4.  Calcium, Zinc, Magnesium Copper.
  5.  Calcium, Magnesium, Zinc, Copper
(ii) A study current of 4A was passed through an aqueous solution of Copper Sulphate for 1800seconds. Mass of Copper deposited will be: 
  1.  63.5
  2.  31.75g
  3.  1.185g
  4.  2.37g
  5.  11.8g.
(iii) Which of the following statement is true? Avogadro’s Constant is the number of?
  1.  Element in one mole of solid substance
  2.  Atoms in one mole of any gas at S.T.P
  3.  Atoms in one mole of a metal
  4.  Elements needed to liberate one gram of univalent metal
  5.  Elements released when one mole of an element is discharged at the anode.
(iv) An organic compound of structural formula …………………………… belongs to homologous series of:
  1.  Isomers
  2.  Allotropes
  3.  Molecules
  4.  Radicals
  5.  Isotopes.
(v) The atmosphere effect of burning fuel such as wood and petrol oils is to:
  1.  Reduce Oxygen
  2.  Produce clouds
  3.  Add carbon dioxide
  4.  Increase water vapour
  5.  Produce energy.
(vi) Elements loose or gains electrons to form.
  1.  Isotopes
  2.  Radicals
  3.  Molecules
  4.  Ions
  5.  Allotropes.
(vii) Which of the following groups of organic compounds is prepared by dehydration of corresponding alcohol?
  1.  Alkynes
  2.  Alkenes
  3.  Alkanes
  4.  Esters
  5.  Carboxylic acid
(viii) Which of the following is most ductile?
  1.  Alluminium
  2.  Silver
  3.  Copper
  4.  Tin
  5.  Mercury.
(ix) The same current passing through solution of the same concentration of silver nitrate and Copper Sulphate liberates 0.23g of Silver (equivalent weight = 108). The weight of Copper that will be liberated, (equivalent weight 31.8) is?
  1.  318g
  2.  0.0677g
  3.  0.23g
  4.  0.033g
  5.  3.18g
(x) In a blast furnace carbon monoxide is prepared by passing carbon dioxide over red – hot coke. Carbon dioxide is: 
  1.  An accelerator
  2.  An Oxidizing agent
  3.  A Reducing agent
  4.  A catalyst
  5.  Oxidized.
2. Match the items in List A with responses in List B by writing the letter of correct response beside the item number in List A.
(i) Isomers
(ii) Polymerization
(iii) Ethanoic acid
(iv) Lubricating oils
(v) Homologous series
  1. Poisonous gas
  2. Polymes
  3. Existence of substance which can crystallize in more than one form.
  4. Form ions in solution
  5. Dehydrated to alkynes and CO3
  6. A group of compounds which can be represented by same molecular formula.
  7. Water, liquid, Gas
  8. Fermentation products of carbohydrate
  9. Existence of an element in more than one form
  10. Unsaturated hydrocarbons
  11. Compounds with the same chemical formula but different structural formula.
  12. A preservative and flowering
  13. Is obtained from methane
  14. A group of compounds which can be represented by a general molecular formula.
  15. Methane, Propane, Butane.
  16. Saturated hydro carbon.
  17. Paraffin, wax, Petroleum jelly, Grease
  18. Joining together ethyne to form one single long chain.
  19. Mineral acids.
3. (a) Give the reason for use of carbon dioxide
(i) As a fire extinguisher  ( ½ marks)
(ii) As a refrigerant  ( ½ marks)
(iii) In baking.  ( ½ marks)
(b) Explain what will happen when carbon monoxide reacts with:
(i) Oxygen  ( 1 marks)
(ii) Concentrated sodium hydroxide  ( 1 marks)
(iii) Copper II Oxide.  ( 1 marks)
 (c) (i) Outline steps in preparation of charcoal  ( 11/2 marks)
(ii) Mention two chemical properties of charcoal.  (1 marks)
4. (a) Give two example for each or the following
(i) Strong acid  ( 1 marks)
(ii) Strong alkali  ( 1 marks)
 (b) Identify the products formed when strong acid react with 
(i) CuO(s)  ( 11/2 marks)
(ii) NaOH(aq)  ( 11/2 marks)
 (c) Explain the meaning of the following and give two examples in each case.
(i) PH scale of an acid  ( 1 marks)
(ii) Organic Acid.  ( 1 marks)
5. (a) Describe the effect of:
(i) Strongly heating a piece of marble in Bunsen burner flame.  ( 11/2 marks)
(ii) Moistening the residue (1) above with water.  ( 11/2 marks)
(i) For what reason is slaked lime added to soil in gardening? ( 2 marks)
(ii) Why is concentrated sulphuric acid used as drying agent? ( 2 marks)
6. The preparation of ammonia M the laboratory is done by heating a mixture of ammonium chloride and sodium hydroxide.
(i) Write a balanced equation for the reaction  ( 11/2 marks)
(ii) Use equations to show how ammonia reacts with hydrogen chloride gas and healed Copper II Oxide. ( 11/2 marks)
(i) State two uses of ammonia  ( 1marks)
(ii) Name the catalyst used in preparation of ammonia  ( 1marks)
(c) Explain each of the following reactions giving observation and equations.
(i) Aqueous ammonia is added to iron (III) Chloride, little by little until in excess. ( 1marks)
(ii) Sodium nitrate is strongly heated. ( 1 marks)
a) Draw a well labeled diagram of non – luminous flame of Bunsen burner. 1 marks)
b) Explain the meaning of:
(i) Malleable  ( 1/2 marks)
(ii) Ductile  ( 1/2 marks)
(iii) Brittle   ( 1 marks)
 (c) Give an account for the following:
(i) Anhydrous Copper II Sulphate becomes coloured when exposed to air for long time.
 ( 1 marks)
(ii) Carbon dioxide can be collected by down ward delivery method. ( 1 marks)
(iii) Concentrated sulphuric acid is not used for drying hydrogen sulphide. ( 1 marks)
(iv) Sodium metal is kept in paraffin oil. ( 1 marks)
a) Element A, B, C and D have atomic numbers 6, 8, 17 and 20 respectively. Write electronic structure of those elements ( 2 marks)
b) Write down the formulae of simplest compounds you would expect when;
(i) A and B combine chemically  ( 1/2 marks)
(ii) C and D combine chemically  ( 1/2 marks)
(i) What types of bonding you would expect between compounds above? ( 1 marks)
(ii) List three differences between bonds you have identified above ( 3 marks)
9. (a)
(i) Name the product formed when nitrate of potassium and Zinc decompose by heating.
( 11/2 marks)
(ii) Suggest why the nitrate of Zinc and potassium behave differently when heating.
 ( 11/2 marks)
 (b) Mention four uses of sodium nitrate. ( 4 marks)
a) Giving four reasons, explain why people who use hard water can expect higher costs than people who use soft water. ( 3marks)
b) Suggest one method for separation of each of the following
(i) Iodine and sand   ( 1marks)
(ii) Green solution form leaves   ( 1marks)
(iii) Alcohol and water   ( 1marks)
(iv) Iron fallings and powdered calcium carbonate.   ( 1marks)
11. (a) A current of 0.5A were made to flow through silver voltmeter for 30 minutes. Calculate mass of silver deposited and equivalent weight of silver. ( 2marks)
 (b) Explain the following reactions giving one example in each.
(i) Addition reaction   ( 2marks)
(ii) Elimination reaction.   ( 2marks)
12. (a) With an aid of chemical equations, explain the following terms,
(i) Esterification reaction   ( 1marks)
(ii) Substitution reaction   ( 1marks)
(iiii) Double decomposition reaction   ( 1marks)
(b) Give a reason why alluminium is used in;
(i) Cooking Utensils   ( 1marks)
(ii) Overhead Electricals   ( 1marks)
(iii) Window Frames   ( 1marks)
Answer Only one Question.
12. Describe the two causes, two effects and measures to be undertaken in order to prevent/reduce the amount of acidic rain. (15 marks)
13. Consider the following.

 Use Le Chaletires Principle to describe how the rate of production of D can be altered. (15 marks)

Time 3:00 Hours MAY 2020 
  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of seven (7)questions.
  1. Answer allquestions.
  1. Calculators, cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are notallowed in the examination room.
  1. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).
SECTION A (20 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.
  1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.
(i) A credit balance of sh. 20,000 on the cash column of the cash book would mean that
  1. the business owner has Tsh. 20,000 cash in hand.
  2. the bookkeeper has drawn Tsh. 20,000 in his cash book.
  3. the shop keeper lost Tshs. 20,000 from the business.
  4. the shop keeper sold goods on credit for Tsh. 20,000.
  5. the business owner spent Tsh. 20,000 more than he/she has received.
(ii) Sales invoices are first entered in the
  1. cash book
  2. purchases journal
  3. sales account
  4. sales journal
  5. purchases account.
(iii) Which of the following are the examples of revenue expenditure?
  1. Purchases of goods and payment for electricity bill in cash
  2. Repair of van and petrol costs for van
  3. Buying machinery and paying for installation costs
  4. Electricity costs of using machinery and buying van
  5. Buying van and petrol costs for van
(iv) Which of the following is treated as current assets in the preparation of statement of financial position?
  1. Unearned revenue
  2. Accrued expenses
  3. Accrued revenue
  4. Depreciation expenses
  5. Accumulated depreciation
(v) The total of the Returns Outwards Journal is transferred to the
  1. credit side of the returns outwards account
  2. debit side of the returns outwards account
  3.  credit side of the returns outwards book
  4. debit side of the purchases returns book
  5. debit side of the sales returns book.
( vi) If current account is maintained then the partners’ share of profit must be
  1. debited to partners’ capital accounts
  2. credited to partners’ capital accounts
  3. credited to profit and loss appropriation account
  4. debited to partners’ current accounts
  5. credited to partners’ current accounts.
(vii) The value of closing inventories is found by
  1. adding opening stock to purchases
  2. deducting purchases from opening stock
  3. looking in the stock account
  4. doing a stock taking
  5. adding closing stock to sales account.
(vii) Depreciation can be described as the
  1. amount spent to buy a non­current asset
  2. salvage value of a non­current asset
  3. cost of the non­current asset consumed during its period
  4. amount of money spent replacing non­current asset
  5. cost of old assets plus new assets purchased.
(ix) If it is required to maintain fluctuating capitals then the partners’ share of profits must be
  1. debited to partners’ capital account
  2. credited to partners’ capital account
  3. debited to partners’ current account
  4. credited to partners’ current account
  5. credited to partners’ appropriation account.
(x) Which of the following is NOT an asset?
  1. Buildings
  2. Loan from K Hamis
  3. Accounts receivable
  4. Cash balance
  5. Inventories.
2.  Match the items in Column A with the responses in Column B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in your answer booklet.
Column A
Column B
(i) The profits of the company expressed as a percentage of the owners investment.
(ii)The gross and net earnings expressed as a percentage of sales.
(iii) Current assets compared to current liabilities.
(iv) Very liquid assets compared to immediate liabilities.
(v) The number of days of sales held in stock.
(vi)The number of days of purchases represented by creditors.
(vii) The number of days of sales represented by debtors.
(viii) The ratio of fixed interest capital to equity capital.
(ix)  Compares the amount of profit earned per ordinary share with the amount of surplus paid.
(x) The ratio of prior charge capital to ordinary share capital and reserve
  1. Working capital ratio
  2. Acid test ratio
  3. Inventory ratio
  4. Earnings per share ratio
  5. Parables ratio
  6. Dividend cover ratio
  7. Inventory turnover ratio
  8. Gross profit ratio
  9. Equity ratio
  10. Receivables ratio
  11. Gearing ratio
  12. Return on capital employed ratio
  13. Profit margin ratio
  14. Debt ratio
  15. Capital gearing ratio
  SECTION B (20 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.
3. (a) State five advantages of using books of original entry.
(b) Briefly explain five types of errors which do not affect the agreement of a trial balance.
4. (a) Identify the accounts in which entries should be made to record each of the following transactions:
(i) Bought stock on credit from Omondi.

(ii) Sold goods on credit to Muita

(iii) Bought a motor vehicle in cash.

(iv) Paid for electricity by cheque.

(v) Returned goods to a supplier, Nkatha.

(b) Identify five errors that may be revealed by a Trial Balance.
SECTION C (60 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.
5. (a) (i) Prepaid rent at the beginning of the period was sh. 40,000 and sh. 20,000 was not paid last year. During the year payments of sh. 320,000 was made with respect to rent. It was established that at the end of the period prepaid rent should be sh. 60,000. Without using T­account compute the amount of rent expenses to be transferred to profit and loss account.
(ii) Accrued wages at the beginning of the month was sh. 240,000. At the end of the month sh. 690,000 was transferred to profit and loss account and sh. 10,000 was prepaid. Sh. 320,000 of wages was accrued but not yet paid during the month. Without using T­account compute the amount of wages paid during the year.
(b) Outline five importance of a profit and loss account.
6. (a) Majura and Majuni enter a joint venture to share profits or losses equally resulting from dealings in second­hand digital TVs. Both parties take an active role in the business, each recording his own transactions. They have no joint banking account or separate set of books.
July 1 Majura buys four TVs for a total of sh. 110,000.
3 Majura pays for repairs sh. 84,000.
4 Majuni pays office rent sh. 30,000 and advertising expenses sh. 9,000.
6 Majuni pays for packaging materials sh. 3,400.
7 Majuni buys for a TV in excellent condition for sh. 60,000.
31 Majura sells the five TVs to various customers, the sales being completed on this data and totalling sh. 310,000.
Show the relevant accounts in the books of both joint ventures.
7. On 31st December, 2008 the bank column of Tengeneza’s cash book showed a debit balance of sh. 15,000. The monthly bank statement written up to 31st December, 2008 showed a credit balance of sh. 29,500.
On checking the cash book with the bank statement it was discovered that the following transactions had not been entered in the cash book:
Dividends of sh. 2,400 had been paid directly to the bank.
A credit transfer ­ TRA and Customs VAT refund of sh. 2,600 had been collected by the bank.
Bank charges sh. 300.
A direct debit of sh. 700 for the Charity subscription had been paid by the bank.
A standing order of sh. 2,000 for Tengeneza’s loan repayment had been paid by the bank. Tengeneza’s deposit account balance of sh. 14,000 was transferred into his bank current account.
A further check revealed the following items:
Two cheques drawn in favour of Tamale sh. 2,500 and Fadiga sh. 2,900 had been entered in the cash book but had not been presented for payment.
Cash and cheques amounting to sh. 6,90 had been paid into the bank on 31st December, 2008 but were not credited by the bank until 2nd January, 2009.
(i) Bring the cash book (bank column) up to date, starting with the debit balance of sh. 15,000, and then balance the bank account.
(ii) Prepare a bank reconciliation statement as at 31st December, 2008.

NAME: __________________________________ CLASS:___________
i)This paper consists of three sections A,B and C
ii)Answer all questions in sections A and B, and one question in section C
iii)Ensure clarity in your responses
iv)Don’t attempt to cheat
1. (i)Regulatory control of the body temperature thirsty and hunger occurs in the
  1. Hypothalamus
  2. Cerebrum
  3. Thalamus
  4. Pituitary
(ii) Hypo secretion of growth in childhood would result to….
  1. Dwarfism
  2. Gigantism
  3. Death
  4. Hyperactivity
(iii) A student was given a piece of material of doubtful origin; he wanted to know whether it is from an animal or from a plant. Which of the following should be analyze and examine?
  1. The cytoplasm and cell membrane
  2. The nucleus and outermost covering
  3. The cytoplasm and outmost covering
  4. The nucleus and cell membrane
(iv) Plasmolysis of red blood cells would occur if the cells were
  1. In isotonic solution
  2. In hypotonic solution
  3. In hypertonic solution
  4. Non of the above
(v) The following are ascomycota except one identify it
  1. Cup fungi
  2. Penicillum
  3. Yeast
  4. Rhizopus stolonifer
(vi) The skin does all these except;
  1. Regulate temperature
  2. Produce blood cells
  3. Store fat
  4. Prevent you from ultra-violet rays
(vii) All are functions of saliva except;
  1. Digestion of starch
  2. Digestion of protein
  3. Lubrication of food
  4. Protection of bacteria
(viii) Which part constitutes an illuminating system?
  1. Diaphragm
  2. Mirror
  3. Condenser
  4. All of the above
(ix) Which of the following statements concerning diffusion and active transport is correct?
  1. Both require energy
  2. Neither requires energy
  3. Only diffusion requires energy
  4. Active transport requires energy while diffusion do not
(x) On a cold day one usually experiences, shivering, this is the way of maintaining normal body temperature. Why does one feel better after shivering?
  1. The muscles are coordinated
  2. The body responds to stimulus
  3. The body releases energy and heat
  4. The body has better adaptations
2.Match the responses in list B with the phrases in list A by writing the letter of the correct response from list B beside the item number of list A in your answer booklet.
i)Receives impulses and gives appropriate response to stimuli
ii)A gap through which impulses pass when travelling from one neuron to another
iii)Receives impulse from the external stimuli and transmits it to the spinal cord
iv)Controls and coordinate body balancing organs, thus making accurate movement possible
v)The nervous pathway taken by impulse in reflex action
  1. Synapse
  2. Effectors
  3. Hypothalamus
  4. Biceps muscles
  5. Motor neuron
  6. Peripheral nervous system
  7. Central nervous system
  8. Reflex arc
  9. Sensory neuron
SECTION B 60 marks
Answer all questions in this section
All questions carry 8 marks except question five and six which carry 6 marks each.
3. a)State three actions which take place in the human body in response to each of the following conditions:
i)When the temperature of the surrounding is low
ii)When the body temperature rises due to increase in surrounding temperature
b) Briefly explain why people took pale when they feel cold?
4. i) The diagram below represents a mammalian nephron

a)What happens to sodium ions between sections 1 and 2?
b)Explain the effect of the absence of the ant diuretic hormone to the functioning of section3
c)What would happen if there is partial constriction at point 5?
d)Explain the difference in structural adaptations of a desert animal such as kangaroo and a water fish such as tilapia nilotica.
ii) Study the diagram below and answer the question that follows

a)Name the structures labeled A,C,E, and F
b)State the function of structure labeled D
c)If structure F was removed from the body of the mammal, what effect would this have?
5 a)Define the term photosynthesis
b) Give the importance of photosynthesis
c) List four differences between respiration and photosynthesis
d) State the site of photosynthesis in a plant cell
e) What role is played by light during photosynthesis?
6.a)Explain the functions of the vascular system in plants
b) State three importance of transportation of materials in living things
7.The diagram given below represents a limb of a vertebrate

a)Name the bones labeled Y,X and Z
b)Name the parts D, and A
c)State the functions of W?
d)A patient was operated and doctors realized that the synovial fluid in the joints had reduced. Suggest a possible effect of this.
ii) The diagram below shows the behavior of red blood cells when placed in various solutions

a)Name the process that takes place in C and F
b)What types of solutions are A,B and C
c)If a plant cell were placed in a beaker containing solutions A, what observations are likely to be made?
d)Which of the solution is likely to be found in a blood plasma?
8. a)Draw a large and neat labeled diagram of the villus found in the digestive system
b) i) Name the digestive juice which is produced by the liver
ii) State the function of the substances contained in the digestive juice named in b (i)
9.a)Differentiate the following terms:
i)Breathing and respiration
ii)Inhalation and exhalation
b) Briefly describe the following phenomenon:
i)A person breathes more when is running fast
ii)The ribs move outwards and upwards while the diaphragm flattened when air enters the lungs
Answer one (1) question from this section
10.Explain any four effect of irresponsible sexual behavior and suggest five ways of eradicating those behaviors in the community.
11.Describe how malaria parasites are transmitted, the sign developed to the host and give four ways which can help in combating malaria in the country.
12.Explain two differences between artificial and natural classification systems and indicate the two merits and demerits for each system.



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