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BIOLOGY FORM 3 SYLLABUS

  1. Classification Of Living Things
    1. Kingdom Plantae, Division Coniferophyta (Conifers )
      1. Explain general and distinctive features of the division coniferophyta
      2. Describe the structure of pinus
      3. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of the division coniferophyta
    2. Division Angiospermophyta ( Flowering Plants )
      1. Explain general and distinctive features of the division angiospermophyta
      2. Outline the classes of the division angiospermophyta and their distinctive features
      3. Describe the structure of representative plants under each class (Monocotyledonae and Dicotyledonae)
      4. Explain advantages and disadvantages of division dngiospermophyta
  2. Movement
    1. Concept of Movement and Locomotion
      1. Explain the concept of movement and locomotion
      2. Explain the importance of movement in animals and plants
      3. Demonstrate movement and locomotion actions
    2. Movement of the Human Body, the Human Skeletal System
      1. Describe the structures of human skeleton
      2. Explain the functions of the major components of the human skeleton and their adaptations
    3. Muscles and Movement
      1. Explain the concept of muscles
      2. Mention types of muscles
      3. Demonstrate how muscles facilitate movement
      4. Describe the structure of muscles
      5. Explain adaptations of different types of muscles to their roles
      6. Explain causes effects and preventive measures of m cramps
    4. Movement in Plants
      1. Explain the concept of movement in plants (movement of curvature)
      2. Mention types of movement exhibited by plants
      3. Carry out experiments to investigate movement in plants
  3. Coordination
    1. Concept of Coordination.
      1. Explain the concept of coordination in organisms
      2. Outline the ways in which coordination is brought about
    2. Nervous Coordination in Human , Neurons
      1. Describe the structure of motor sensory and relay neurons
    3. Central Nervous System (CNS)
      1. Give the meaning of central nervous system
      2. Identify the components of the central nervous system and their functions
      3. Describe the structure of the spinal cord and brain
    4. Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
      1. Give the meaning of peripheral Nervous System
      2. Identify the components of the peripheral nervous system and their functions
    5. Reflex Action
      1. Give the meaning of reflex action
      2. Describe the neuronic path of a reflex action
      3. Distinguish simple reflex from conditioned reflex action
    6. Sense Organs
      1. Explain the meaning of a sense organ
      2. Identify types of Sense organs and their relative position
      3. Describe the structure of each sense organ
      4. Explain the functions of sense organs and their adaptive features
    7. Drugs and Drug Abuse in Relation to Nervous Coordination
      1. Explain the meaning of drugs and drug abuse, in relation to nervous coordination
      2. Outline proper ways of handling and using drugs
      3. Explain causes and effects of drug addiction
      4. Suggest preventive and control measures of drug abuse
      5. Identify location of the different endocrine glands in the mammalian body
      6. Explain the role of hormones produced by each endocrine gland
      7. Outline disorders of hormonal coordination in mammals
    8. Coordination in Plant, Concept of Tropic and Nastic Responses
      1. Explain the concept of tropic and nastic responses
      2. Carry out experiments to investigate the effects of tropic and nastic responses in plants
      3. Explain the importance of tropic and nastic responses
  4. Excretion
    1. Concept of Excretion
      1. Explain the concept of excretion
      2. Give examples of excretory products eliminated by organisms
    2. Excretion in Human
      1. Mention excretory organs in human being
      2. Describe the urinary system and its adaptive features
      3. Explain the process of urine formation
    3. Complications and Disorders of the Excretory System
      1. Mention common complications and disorders of the excretory system
      2. Explain the causes, symptoms, effects and control measures of common complications and disorders of the excretory system
    4. Excretion in Plants
      1. Mention types of excretory products eliminated by plants
      2. Explain the importance of common excretory products of plants
  5. Regulation
    1. Concept of Regulation
      1. Explain the concept of regulation
      2. Mention various types of regulation
    2. Temperature Regulation in Animals
      1. Explain the concept of temperature regulation in animals
      2. Carry out practical activities to determine Temperature Regulation in Mammals
      3. Describe the mechanism of temperature regulation in mammals
    3. Osmoregulation in Mammals
      1. Explain the concept of osmoregulation
      2. Mention factors which affects the contents of salt and water in the body
    4. Blood Sugar Regulation in Mammals
      1. Explain the mechanisms of regulating sugar level in t he blood
      2. Outline the causes, symptoms, and effects of high and low sugar levels in the blood
  6. Reproduction
    1. Concept of Reproduction
      1. Explain the merits and demerits of sexual and asexual reproduction
    2. Meiosis and Reproduction
      1. Give the meaning of meiosis
      2. Explain the significance of meiosis in relation to reproduction
      3. Carry out experiments to show stages of meiosis process
    3. Reproduction in Flowering Plants, the structure of the Flower
      1. Describe the structure of the flower
      2. Identify reproductive parts of the flower
    4. Pollination
      1. Explain the term pollination
      2. Identify types of pollination
      3. Outline agents of pollination
    5. Fertilization
      1. Explain the concept of fertilization
      2. Explain process of fertilization in flowering plants
    6. Reproduction in Mammals
      1. Describe the male and female reproductive systems
    7. Gamete Formation and Fertilization
      1. Outline the process of gamete formation in mammals
      2. Explain the processes of ovulation and menstruation
      3. Explain the process of fertilization pregnancy and child birth
      4. Outline factors which may hinder fertilization
      5. Explain the concept of artificial insemination and its importance
    8. Multiple Pregnancies
      1. Give the meaning of multiple pregnancies
      2. Explain the causes of multiple pregnancies
      3. Differentiate between identical twins and fraternal twins
    9. Disorders of Reproductive System
      1. Mention types of disorders of human reproductive system
      2. Explain the causes and effects of the reproductive system disorders
      3. Suggest possible remedies of reproductive system disorder
    10. Complication of the Reproductive System
      1. Mention types of complications of the reproductive systems
      2. Outline causes of complications of the reproductive system
      3. Suggest ways to minimize the occurrence of complications and disorders of the reproductive system
    11. Sexuality and Sexual Health and Responsible Sexual Behaviour
      1. Explain the concept of sexuality
      2. Mention social cultural factors influencing sexual behaviour in different age groups of people
      3. Differentiate responsible from irresponsible sexual behaviour and their impact on oneself family and community
      4. Suggest ways of eradicating irresponsible sexual behaviours/ practices in the family and community
      5. Mention appropriate life skills required to cope with adolescent sexuality and sexual behaviour
    12. Family Planning and Contraception
      1. Explain the concept of family planning and contraception
      2. State social practices which enhance family planning
      3. Outline the importance of male involvement in family planning
    13. Maternal and Child Care
      1. Explain the concept of maternal and child care
      2. Mention social-cultural factors which affect material and child care in the family and community
      3. Suggest appropriate ways of providing maternal and child care for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA)
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