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HISTORY- Form 3 Topic 4

COLONIAL SOCIAL SERVICES
The Objectives of Colonial Education
Analyse the objectives of colonial education
The aim of establishing these social services was to consolidate and facilitate colonisation of Africa. That means they were built to favour the colonial government in power.
Starting from the 20th century,colonial governments established a number of social services in Africa. Colonial economy. Examples of these colonial social services were:
  1. Colonial education
  2. Transport and communication
  3. Recreational services
  4. Water and electricity
  5. Health services
The Features of Colonial Education
Analyse the features of colonial education
This was a type of formal education that was introduced by Europeans in Africa. This education was introduced to benefit the colonial government and not Africans. It went together with the establishment of schools high economic gain areas such as crop production areas.
Features of colonial education
  1. Colonial education has a pyramid shape quality. The number of students who started at lower levels reduced as they went to higher levels.
  2. Schools were built in areas with economic importance, such as the Kenyan highlands which were a prime are for coffee production.
  3. Colonial education was discriminative in nature e.g. there were Asian schools, European schools and others for Africans.
  4. Colonial education was provided to the sons of African chiefs e.g. sons of Jumbes and few daughters obtained this type of education.
  5. Schools were built in urban areas and not rural one because that is where most settlers were.
  6. Education was basically about European culture e.g. training involved the use of foreign languages such as English and French.
Role of colonial education
The role of colonial education are as follows:
  1. To train Africans so they may be used as administrators for lowest posts e.g. messengers and clerks.
  2. Colonial education was introduced to train the sons and daughters of European colonial masters together with Asians.
  3. To produce African puppets who were brainwashed to favour the colonial government.
The Impact of Colonial Education on African Societies
Assess the impact of colonial education on African societies
Effects of colonial education
  1. It produced educated elites who organised their fellow Africans to fight for independence e.g. J.K Nyerere, Kwame Nkrumah.
  2. Colonial education killed Africans' skills at large, these skills remained in theory.
  3. It produced classes between the educated and those who were not educated
  4. Colonial education led to the destruction of the African culture e.g. on dressing and eating.
  5. Africans began to desire 'White' jobs, education was aimed to make one employable.


The Objectives of Colonial Health Services
Analyse the objectives of colonial health services
The aim of establishing these social services was to consolidate and facilitate colonization of Africa. That means they were built to favour the colonial government in power).
Colonial health services were established in the colonial state, to serve colonial administrators, missionaries and traders as their primary aim. Also some Africans were served by the colonial healthy service as to maintain the minimum healthy standard of Africa, to continue providing the highly needed labor force to the colonial productions.

The Motive for the Provision of Colonial Water and Housing Services
Explain the motive for the provision of colonial water and housing services
Colonial government started to introduce these services to those areas with settlers or colonial officials.
The major role of introducing these services was to attract the coming Europeans in Africa.
During the colonialism, the Europeans gave priority to their comfort in terms of provision of water and housing services. The provision of water and housing during that era was guided by the various rationale, for instance, it was meant to encourage the European settlement in the colonies, it was distributed depending on the economic importance of an area, also it provided based on racial bases.
The Distribution Pattern of Water and Housing Services
Analyse the distribution pattern of water and housing services
Characteristics of water and housing services
  • Offered on the basis of race,
  • unevenly distributed (depended on the economic value of an area),
  • areas for labourers had no housing of water services which were established by colonialists,
  • based on religious grounds (missionary areas had better water)
The Impact of the Provision of Colonial Water and Housing Services on African Societies
Assess the impact of the provision of colonial water and housing services on African societies
Impact of water and housing services included:
  • Reinforced racial classes in colonies,
  • areas without raw materials or colonialists were marginalized and denied services,
  • created regional imbalances

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